Daily Current Affairs 11th November, 2016
India, Japan ink ten agreements including civil nuclear deal
- Japan on Friday signed a historic civil nuclear cooperation deal with India, opening the door for collaboration between their industries in the field even as the countries signed nine other agreements in various areas to bolster bilateral ties.
- The nuclear agreement comes after tough negotiations for over six years between the two countries and Abe said at the joint media interaction with Modi that he was delighted over the signing of agreement on peaceful use of nuclear energy.
- The agreements were signed in presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe in Tokyo, Japan.
- Agreement for Cooperation in Peaceful uses of Nuclear Energy: It provides for bilateral cooperation in the field of Nuclear Energy. It will help to strengthen of energy security of India, by facilitating development of nuclear power projects in India. It will also open up the door for collaboration between Indian and Japanese industries in our Civil Nuclear programme.
Other nations who have signed civil nuclear deal with India include the US, Russia, South Korea, Mongolia, France, Namibia, Argentina, Canada, Kazakhstan and Australia.
- Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) on the Manufacturing Skill Transfer Promotion Program: It envisages training 30,000 Indian youth in the Japanese styled manufacturing in the next 10 years. It will be achieved through programmes of Japan-India Institute for Manufacturing (JIM) and the Japanese Endowed Courses (JEC) in select Engineering colleges. It will contribute to ‘Make in India’ and ‘Skill India’.
- MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Outer Space: It was signed between ISRO and JAXA. It provides for cooperation in planetary exploration, satellite navigation and space industry promotion, joint use of ground systems, joint missions and studies for mutual support and personnel exchange.
- MoU on Mutual Collaboration in Marine and Earth Science and Technology: It was signed between Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC).
- MoC in the Field of Agriculture and Food Related Industry: It seeks to deepen the bilateral cooperation in the fields of agriculture and food industries. It includes industries related to food value chain networking and protecting Geographical Indication (GI) of agriculture products.
- MoU for Transport and Urban Development: It was signed between National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) Limited and Japan Overseas Infrastructure Investment Corporation (JICA). It will enable cooperation for promoting investment in infrastructure projects in transportation and railways, port terminals, toll roads, logistics, airport terminals, urban development and any supporting industries for these sectors.
- MoU in the Field of Textiles: It aims to improve quality of Indian Textiles for conformity assessment for Japanese market.
- MOC in the Field of Cultural Exchange: It seeks to promote bilateral cooperation in the field of art & culture between both countries. It includes exchange of exhibitions & personnel in performing and visual arts, exchange of exhibitions and experts from museums, cooperation in preserving the cultural heritage and to promote people-to-people exchanges.
- MoC on Cooperation in Sports: It seeks to provide a framework for bilateral cooperation in the field of Sports ahead of the forthcoming 2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics.
- MOU between Gujarat and Hyogo Prefectural Government: It seeks to promote mutual cooperation between Hyogo and Gujarat in the fields of business, academics, cultural cooperation, disaster management and environmental protection.
Punjab Law Terminating Sutlej-Yamuna Link Agreement unconstitutional: SC
- The Supreme Court, referring to its 2006 Mullaperiyar dam judgment, has held that a State Assembly “cannot through legislation do an act in conflict with the judgment of the highest court which has attained finality”.
- The Supreme Court has scrapped Punjab Termination of Water Agreements Act, 2004 which unilaterally allows Punjab to stop sharing Ravi, Beas waters with other States.
- Ruling in this regard was given by a five-judge SC Constitution Bench led by Justice Anil R. Dave.
- The SC bench gave its opinion on a Presidential Reference made by then President APJ Kalam in 2004 to the apex court under Article 143 (1) of the Constitution questioning the constitutional validity of the Act.
What does the Supreme Court
- SC Order The law unilaterally enacted by Punjab was illegally designed to terminate a 1981 agreement entered into among Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan to re-allocate waters of Ravi and Beas.
- By introducing the 2004 Act, Punjab defied two back-to-back apex court verdicts, pronounced in 2002 and 2004. Punjab exceeded its legislative power in proceeding to nullify the decree of this court and therefore.
- State Legislative Assembly cannot through legislation do an act in conflict with the judgment of the highest court which has attained finality
What is the Sutlej Yamuna Link (SYL) Canal controversy
- The creation of Haryana from the old (undivided) Punjab in 1966 threw up the problem of giving Haryana its share of river waters with Punjab was opposed to sharing waters of the Ravi and Beas with Haryana, citing riparian principles, and arguing that it had no water to spare.
- However, Centre, in 1976, issued a notification allocating to Haryana 3.5 million acre feet (MAF) out of undivided Punjab’s 7.2 MAF.
- According to this agreement, available supplies of the Beas and Ravi Rivers were recalculated to be 17.17 MAF.
- Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana and Rajasthan were allocated 8.6 MAF. 4.22 MAF and 3.5 MAF respectively. Jammu and Kashmir and Delhi got 0.65 MAF and 0.20 MAF. To enable Haryana to use its share of waters of Sutlej and its tributary Beas, Union Government started Sutlej Yamuna Link (SYL) canal Project in 1982 to link Sutlej with the Yamuna. The SYL Canal was a product of this 1981 agreement
- To enable Haryana to use its share of the waters of the Sutlej and its tributary Beas, a canal linking the Sutlej with the Yamuna, cutting across the state, was planned.
- In April, 1982, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi ceremonially dug the ground at Kapoori village in Patiala district for the construction of the 214-km Sutlej-Yamuna Link (or SYL) canal, 122 km of which was to be in Punjab, and 92 km in Haryana.
- A tripartite agreement was also negotiated between Punjab, Haryana, and Rajasthan in this regard.
- However, following the protests in Punjab, the Punjab Assembly passed The Punjab Termination of Agreements Act, 2004, terminating its water-sharing agreements, and thus jeopardising the construction of SYL in Punjab.
Maharashtra, Canada to work on urban infrastructure, smart cities
- Maharashtra government has signed an agreement with Canada to implement a joint action plan on urban infrastructure development in the state.
- The Canada-Maharashtra action plan seeks to introduce companies, solutions and financing from the North American country for the urban development and implementation of state-led infrastructure projects.
India to host 2018 International Competition Network annual conference
- The Competition Commission of India (CCI) was selected as the host the 2018 International Competition Network (ICN) in New Delhi in March–April 2018.
- By virtue of this event, CCI has also been inducted as an ex-officio member of the steering group member of the ICN for a period of 3 years.
- The 2017 ICN Annual Conference will be held in Portugal and will be hosted by Portuguese Competition Authority.
About International Competition Network (ICN)
- The International Competition Network is an informal, virtual network that seeks to facilitate cooperation between competition law authorities globally.
- It was established in 2001 after the publication of a Final Report of the International Competition Policy Advisory Committee to the US Attorney General and Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust .
- Consists of 132 members from 120 competition jurisdictions.
- ICN provides competition authorities with a specialised platform (informal) for addressing practical competition concerns, sharing experiences and adopting international best practices. Besides, it holds an Annual Conference which is hosted by a member competition agency.
- Its members are national competition authorities and Non-governmental Advisers (NGA) which include reputed law firms, eminent persons, and think tanks of international repute.
SCIENCE AND TECH
China successfully launches pulsar navigation satellite XPNAV-1
- China launched five small satellites Thursday, including the X-ray Pulsar Navigation satellite that eventually could help spacecraft headed for deep space navigate, the latest piece of China’s ambitious space program.
- The X-ray pulsar, developed by Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. Fifth Academy, was sent into space from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center aboard a Long March-11 solid fuel rocket, which also carried the Xaiaoxiang-1 and three Lishui-1 satellites.
- The Xiaoxiang-1 will test a new stabilization system while the Lishui-1s are commercial remote sensing satellites.
- The satellite is equipped with two detectors that test its functions and outline pulsar contours to create a database for navigation. The sensors need to be able to sort the pulsar blasts from background noise.
- The X-ray pulsar captures X-ray signals emitted from pulsars. By mapping those signals, they can be used to determine spacecraft location in deep space, which will eliminate the hours-long delays incurred in using ground-based navigation like the Deep Space Network and European Space Tracking network. Some pulsars emit radiation with the precision of an atomic clock.
About X-ray Pulsars
- X-ray pulsars consist of a magnetized neutron star that draws gas from a companion normal star, forming a rotating disk that channels the gas to its magnetic polls, resulting in the generation of intense energies.
- They are found in deep space and they could act like signal buoys.
- Pulsars cannot be studied on earth because the X-ray signals are blocked by the atmosphere.
High Level Meeting of Interior Ministers of the Indian Ocean Region
- The high-level meeting in Colombo was attended by 18 littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region which included seven Ministers and Deputy Ministers of Interior/Home Affairs.
- The meeting was also attended by seven international organizations/partner agencies and UN agencies engaged in counter-narcotics initiatives in the region.
- The delegates resolved to work towards making the Indian Ocean a “Drug Free Zone”.
- The meeting concluded with the adoption of the Colombo declaration.
About Colombo declaration:
- The declaration states that narcotic drug trafficking in the Indian Ocean poses a threat to peace and security in the region and its possible link to organized crime and funding of terrorism, stressing upon upon the need for coastal states to cooperate more closely on enforcing maritime law, sharing information, and providing mutual legal assistance.
- It also includes the expansion and development of communication through the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC’s) Indian Ocean Prosecutors Network.
- The declaration also called on the littoral states of the Indian Ocean to meet on an annual basis within the framework of the Southern Route Partnership (SRP) of Indian Ocean Forum on Maritime Crime (IOFMC) to assess and report on the drug trafficking threat in the Indian Ocean and develop a coordinated approach to counter such threats.
Roger Federer wins Stefan Edberg Sportsmanship Award for the 12th time in his career
- The award is given to players who display the “spirit of the sport” on the court.
Mumbai’s Western Railways beat Haryana 4-2 to win Surjit trophy
- Mumbai’s Western Railways women’s team on 10 November 2016 won the 33rd Indian Oil Servo Surjit Hockey Tournament.
- The team defeated Haryana XI 4-2 in the title clash played at the Olympian Surjit Hockey Stadium in Jalandhar.