Daily Current Affairs 14th May, 2017
Ransomware attack creates global havoc
- A massive ransomware attack, which security researchers say used a Windows exploit first developed by the United States National Security Agency, shut down computer systems across several countries, including India, last night.
- According to anti-virus provider Kaspersky, there were at least 45,000 attacks in 74 countries, Reuters reported. The numbers were an initial estimate and were expected to go up.
- India was among the three countries worst affected by the attack, data shared by Kaspersky showed. However, there was no immediate information on what companies in India were affected in the cyberattack.
- News of the cyberattack initially made headlines after systems at hospitals across the United Kingdom were affected. Reuters reported that British hospitals and clinics were forced to turn away patients because their computers were infected by Wanna Cry.
- EternalBluewas first made public last month after Shadow Brokers released a bunch of exploits and hacking tools developed by the US NSA. According to tech website Ars Techina, the NSA used EternalBlue to hack and remotely take over computers running Windows.new series has shifted to 2011-12, against the earlier 2004-05.
- Interestingly, Microsoft released a patch for the EternalBlue exploit just a few weeks before Shadow Brokers made the NSA-developed vulnerability’s existence public.
- Ransomware is a kind of cyber attack that involves hackers taking control of a computer system and blocking access to it until a ransom is paid.
- Ransomware is a type of cyber attack
- For cyber criminals to gain access to the system they need to download a type of malicious software onto a device within the network. This is often done by getting a victim to click on a link or download it by mistake.
- Once the software is on a victim’s computer the hackers can launch an attack that locks all files it can find within a network. This tends to be a gradual process with files being encrypted one after another.
- Large companies with sophisticated security systems are able to spot this occurring and can isolate documents to minimise damage. Individuals might not be so lucky and could end up losing access to all of their information.
- Cyber criminals often demand payment in return for unlocking the files. This is normally in the form of bitcoin, the online cryptocurrency.
What is Wanna Decryptor?
- Wanna Decryptor, also known as WannaCry or wcry, is a specific ransomware program that locks all the data on a computer system and leaves the user with only two files: instructions on what to do next and the Wanna Decryptor program itself.
- When the software is opened it tells computer users that their files have been encryted, and gives them a few days to pay up, warning that their files will otherwise be deleted. It demands payment in Bitcoin, gives instructions on how to buy it, and provides a Bitcoin address to send it to.
- Most computer security companies have ransomware decryption tools that can bypass the software.
- It was used in a major cyber attack that affected organisations across the world including the NHS and Telefonica in Spain.
- In less than 3 hours (even can say less than 2 hours if we count it from the explosion), they got victims already from 11 countries.
- A young cyber expert managed to stop the spread of the attack by accidentally triggering a “kill switch” when he bought a web domain for less than £10.
- When the WannaCry program infects a new computer it contacts the web address. It is programmed to terminate itself if it manages to get through. When the 22-year-old researcher bought the domain the ransomware could connect and was therefore stopped. .
Kerala tops, Bihar last in public affairs index
- Two South Indian States – Kerala and Tamil Nadu have secured first and second rankings for the second year in a row in public affairs index (PAI) in governance in States.
- Bihar (18th), Jharkhand (17th), Odisha (16th) and Assam (15th) are at the bottom of the table in PAI, a latest survey of think-tank Public Affairs Centre (PAC), Bengaluru, has revealed.
ECONOMY,BANKING AND FINANCE
India jumps 73 spots to 26 rank in World Bank’s power list
- India has climbed up to the twenty-sixth position in World Bank’s electricity accessibility ranking in the current year from 99th spot in 2014
UP govt forms ‘Maa’ committees to check mid-day meal quality
- Yogi Adityanath-led Uttar Pradesh government has decided to form ‘Maa’ committees to keep an eye on mid-day meals served to students in state-run primary schools.
- It will be a committee of six mothers, from all sections of society, whose students are studying in that school.
World Fair Trade Day: 13 May 2017
- World Fair Trade Day is observed on the second Saturday of May every year.
- Theme of World Fair Trade Day 2017 : ‘Human Chains for Fair Trade and the Planet’
International Mothers’ Day: 14 May 2017
- Mother’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of May every year. This year Mother’s Day date is May 14.
- Anna Marie Jarvis, seen as founder of Mother’s Day, was the daughter of Ann Maria Reeves Jarvis, a social activist who organized events called Mothers’ Day Work Clubs to reduce infant mortality.
- At the events doctors were invited to hold discussions with mothers on how to keep their children healthy and educate them with latest practices of hygiene and sanitation.
- It was the elder Jarvis who had inspired her daughter to lead the movement of observing Mother’s Day
- Thomas Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, on May 9, 1914, signed a proclamation following untiring efforts by Anna Marie Jarvis. The United States, then declared the second Sunday of May a national holiday “as a public expression of our love and reverence for the mothers of our country”.
- Theme of Mother’s Day 2017 : “Every Mother knows”
AWARDS AND HONOURS
‘’ declared world’s largAdiyogi bustest by Guinness Book of World Records
- The 112 feet tall bust of ‘Adiyogi’ Lord Shiva at the Isha Yoga Foundation in Tamil Nadu has been declared the world’s largest bust by the Guinness Book of World Records.
Amul to sponsor New Zealand cricket team for Champions trophy
- Indian dairy cooperative Amul will sponsor the New Zealand cricket team for the upcoming Champions Trophy in England.
- Amul had earlier sponsored Netherlands in the 2011 Cricket World Cup.
Ramudri Someshwara Rao wins gold at 2017 World Para Athletics Grand Prix
- Ramudri Someswara Rao has won a gold medal in men’s 200m T44 event at the 2017 World Para Athletics Grand Prix in China.
Lewis Hamilton wins Spanish Grand Prix
- Lewis Hamilton of Mercedes has won the Spanish Grand Prix defeating Sebastian Vettel of Ferrari who finished in second place.