Daily Current Affairs 17th April, 2017

Daily Current Affairs 17th April, 2017

INTERNATIONAL

Turkey Referendum: President Erdogan wins sweeping powers

  • Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan won the referendum on granting him sweeping new powers by a clear majority.
  • The “Yes” vote garnered by Erdogan was 51.36{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} and “No” was 48.64{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}. while the supporters of Erdogan has hailed the results, the two main opposition parties have challenged the results.

The draft of the new constitution has the following salient features:

  • Next presidential and parliamentary elections will be held on 3 November 2019;
  • It provides for a five year tenure and maximum of two terms for the President;
  • The president will have powers to directly appoint top public officials, including ministers; President will be able to assign one or several vice-presidents;
  • The job of prime minister would be scrapped;
  • President will have power to intervene in the judiciary; The president will have power to decide whether or not to impose a state of emergency

NATIONAL

Country’s first Vistadome coach inaugurated in Visakhapatnam:

  • Indian Railways has launched the country’s first ever Vistadome coach services on Visakhapatnam-Araku route.
  • Features of the coaches include glass roof, LED lights, revolving seats and GPS-based info system.

Government launches programme for capacity building of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) of Panchayats

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development in collaboration with the Ministry of Panchayati Raj has launched a nationwide programme for capacity building of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) of Panchayats and a training program for Trainers of women panchayat leaders at Ranchi, Jharkhand.
  • In the first phase of the training, 40 master trainers of Jharkhand will be trained at the State institute of Rural Development, Ranchi.
  • In the second phase, around 3000 Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) will be imparted training by the master trainers at the districts of Simdega, Pakur and Chatra of Jharkhand.
  • In subsequent phases, similar training modules will be organised in different states throughout the country with the help of National Institute of Rural Development, State Institutes of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj Departments of the States.

Election Commission seeks funds for paper trail units

  • Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) has requested the Union Law Ministry for urgent release of funds, given the “prevailing environment,” to facilitate procurement of VVPAT (voter verifiable paper audit trail) machines for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.
  • VVPAT stands for Voter-Verified Paper Audit Trail. VVPAT system maintains a physical trail of all votes cast. Small slips of paper records the details of the vote.
  • The Election Commission (EC) first introduced VVPAT in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.

ECONOMY, BANKING AND FINANCE

India’s GDP to grow 7.2{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} in 2017-18: World Bank Report

  • In a new World Bank report titled Globalization Backlash, the agency expects India’s gross domestic product to spike to 7.2{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} in the financial year 2017-18 from 6.8{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} the previous fiscal.
  • It has also forecasted that the ‘fiscal, inflation and external conditions’ in the country to remain stable and India’s economic growth to rise gradually to 7.7{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} in 2019-20, “underpinned by a recovery in private investments”.
  • The agency has stated that despite renewed weakness in private investment and sluggish external demand, India continued to grow robustly until ‘demonetisation’ slowed the growth, albeit modestly.
  • It expects that inflation would stabilise with the support of favourable investment climate and structural reforms.
  • The agency, however, has warned India against significant risks to its favourable growth outlook. Among them, it has underlined uncertainties in the external environment, not-so clear picture of the impact of demonetisation on small and informal firms, obstacles to private investment and rapid hikes in the prices of oil and other commodities.

GOVT SCHEME

Government covers 14 SC, ST, OBC and DNT scholarship schemes under Digital Payments

  • The Government has stated that 14 scholarship schemes for Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes (OBCs) / Denotified, Nomadic and Semi-nomadic Tribes (DNTs) students come under Digital Payments Initiatives.
  • This is expected to benefit 3.54 crore students across the country. As per the modalities of this initiative, all scholarship amount will be deposited in the bank accounts of the students.
  • There will be a 60{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} Aadhaar seeding in SC student bank account.
  • Educational Empowerment is carried out by virtue of scholarships, hostels for students, coaching facilities, capital for creation/upgradation of premises, institution etc.
  • Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment spends 54 {be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} of its Budget on scholarships for Scheduled castes.
  • In addition, the government has tasked each branch of public sector banks to handhold at least one SC/ST youth, as an entrepreneur, to generate more employment among the members of the community.

DEFENCE

Canberra keen on joining naval games

  • Australia is keen on joining the Malabar trilateral naval exercises among India, Japan and the U.S., and has requested observer status at the upcoming edition, scheduled for July.
  • Australia had been a part of the exercises in 2007. But a sharp response from China, which saw the joint exercises as a coalition against it, put an end to the quadrilateral format.
  • Japan and the U.S. are keen on expanding the games to include Australia with officials from both countries specifically stating so on various occasions. However, India has been reluctant to antagonise China.

About Malabar exercise:

  • The Malabar drills, which began in 1992 as a bilateral naval exercise between India and the U.S., has since grown in scope and complexity, acquiring considerable heft in recent times. In 2015, it was expanded into a trilateral format with the inclusion of Japan.

EDUCATION

Vastu Shashtra to be introduced in IIT Kharagpur

  • IIT Kharagpur plans to introduce Vastu Shashtra to the architecture students from this year August.
  • While the rudiments of Vastu Shastra will be introduced to the first and second-year undergraduate architecture students, detailed grounding on the subject will be imparted to the post graduate and research scholars in infrastructure.
  • For the UG students, graded modules related to basic design and history of architecture will be taught.
  • For the PG level, modules imparting solar principles, sacred diagrams, 9 circuit placements or the nabagraha mandal, sacred altars and design semiotics and semantics will be taught.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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