Daily Current Affairs 19th July, 2017

Daily Current Affairs 19th July, 2017

INTERNATIONAL

 India & Sri Lanka sign MoU to develop village in Anuradhapura District

  • India and Sri Lanka have signed a MoU to develop a village in Anuradhapura District (in Sri Lanka) at a cost of 30 crores Sri Lankan rupees. The village in the name of a famous Buddhist monk Sobitha Thero, envisages construction of 153 new houses, a multi-purpose community building, internal water supply system and renovation of monk’s quarters & library.
  • The project is in line with Government of Sri Lanka’s policy of rehabilitation of rural villages for economic development. It will benefit 153 families residing in the village.

NATIONAL

TR Zeliang sworn in as 19th Chief Minister of Nagaland

  • Senior Naga People’s Front (NPF) legislator TR Zeliang (65) was sworn in as the 19th chief minister of Nagaland.
  • He was administered oath to office and secrecy by Governor P.B. Acharya. Earlier Governor had dismissed the Shurhozelie Liezietsu government under Clause (I) of Article 164 of the Constitution after he failed to prove majority on the floor of the Assembly.
  • Prior to it, Zeliang had staked claim to form government in Nagaland with a majority support of 47 members in the 60 member Legislative Assembly. TR Zeliang will now have to prove his majority on the floor of the House. This is his second stint as chief minister in a little more than three years.

Indians among top asylum-seekers, according to the International Migration Outlook 2017

  • According to the International Migration Outlook 2017 report on Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries, Indians are among top asylum-seekers in other countries such as New Zealand, Australia, Finland, Japan, and the United States of America.
  • According to the report on OECD member-nations, top asylum-seekers to New Zealand between 2012 and 2016 were from China, India, Fiji, and Iraq. Among these, India and China were the largest source countries of asylum-seekers (11{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} and 9{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}), followed by Fiji (8{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}), Iraq (7{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}) and Pakistan (6{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}).

Union Cabinet approves draft bills to replace GST ordinances for J&K

  • The Union Cabinet approved promulgation of the Central Goods and Services Tax (Extension to Jammu & Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017 and Integrated Goods and Services Tax (Extension to Jammu & Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017.
  • Both ordinances replace Ordinance by the Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2017 and Ordinance by the Integrated Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2017 respectively.
  • The ordinances extend the provisions of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 referred to as (CGST Act) and Integrated Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 referred to as (IGST Act) to Jammu & Kashmir to complete rolling out GST regime the Himalayan State.

Cabinet approves MOC in respect of tax matters between India and BRICS countries

  • The Union Cabinet has approved signing of Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) in respect of tax matters between India and the BRICS countries namely, Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa Decision in this regard was taken at the Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi.
  • The MoC aims to promote cooperation amongst BRICS Revenue administrations on common areas of interest in tax matters and capacity building and knowledge sharing. It envisages regular interaction amongst the heads of Revenue administration of BRICS countries to continue discussion on common areas of interest.
  • It also strive towards convergence of views and meeting of the experts on tax matters to discuss the contemporary issues in areas of international tax. MoC will also accord confidentiality and protection to information exchanged under it.
  • The MoC will stimulate effective cooperation in tax matters.
  • Moreover, the collective stand of BRICS countries can prove to be beneficial not only to member countries but also to other developing countries in long run in tax matters steered by the G20.

Supreme Court allows Centre to replace MCI oversight committee

  • The Supreme Court has allowed the Union Government to replace the oversight committee set up to supervise the functioning of the Medical Council of India (MCI) with a fresh panel of five eminent doctors.
  • The Supreme Court also gave the Government liberty to replace any doctor in the list with another if he does not wish to be a part of the oversight committee. Earlier, Government had proposed the names of five eminent doctors to replace the earlier members of the oversight committee whose term had just expired

ECONOMY,BANKING AND FINANCE

Gujarat retains top slot of states with most investment potential

  • Gujarat has retained the top position in the list of 21 states and UTs with most investment potential, according to a report by economic think-tank NCAER.
  • The National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) State Investment Potential Index (N-SIPI 2017) report ranks states on their competitiveness in business and their investment climate. The ranking of 20 states and one Union Territory of Delhi was based on six pillars — labour, infrastructure, economic climate, governance and political stability, perceptions and land — and 51 sub-indicators.
  • Gujarat is followed by Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh.
  • While Gujarat topped in economic climate and perceptions, Delhi ranked one in infrastructure. While Tamil Nadu topped the chart in labour issues, Madhya Pradesh ranked one in land pillar.

GOVT SCHEME/DIGITAL INDIA

UIDAI launches mAadhaar app for Aadhaar data on phone

  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has launched ‘mAadhaar’, a new mobile application for syncing Aadhaar data on mobile phones.
  • The app allows users to carry their unique Aadhaar information including name, date of birth, gender, address, and the linked photograph, on their smartphones. The app also allows users to lock or unlock biometrics data.

Maharashtra government approved revised policy of scheme to improve girl child ratio

  • The Maharashtra government has approved a revised policy of the ‘Majhi Kanya Bhagyashree‘ scheme, according to which families who have a yearly income of up to Rs 7.5 lakh will be benefited. The scheme was launched by the state government on April 1, 2016, in place of ‘Sukanya’ scheme.
  • It is aimed at improving the skewed girl child ratio, prevent sex determination and female foeticide, and support female education.
  • Earlier provision: The ‘Majhi Kanya Bhagyashree’ scheme catered to girls from Below Poverty Line (BPL) families and those whose annual income was up to Rs 1 lakh.
  • Revised provisions: Families having an income up to Rs 7.5 lakh will be eligible for the scheme.
  • After bearing the first girl child, if the mother or the father undergoes a family planning operation, a sum of Rs 50,000 shall be deposited in a bank in the name of the girl child. The scheme will be valid only if there are a maximum of two girl children born. In case a third child is born, the scheme shall become invalid for the first two as well.

ENVIRONMENT,SCIENCE AND TECH

World’s 1st Laser Weapon

  • The US has launched the world’s first laser weapon known as the Laser Weapons System (LaWS). The LaWS is currently deployed aboard the USS Ponce, an amphibious transport ship, in the Persian Gulf.
  • Operationally, it works just like a laser pointer. There’s a chamber inside with special materials that release photons.
  • The LaWS laser beam is completely silent and invisible. It’s also fast: The laser travels at the speed of light (186,000 miles per second, or about 300,000 kilometers per second), meaning it’s about 50,000 times the speed of an incoming intercontinental ballistic missile.
  • In addition to being able to take down threats in the air, the LaWS can hit and disable objects in the water.

Underwater ghost nets posing threat to marine ecosystem: Study

  • According to recent study, ghost nets (abandoned, lost or dumped fishing nets) have emerged as the greatest killers of the marine ecosystem off Kerala coast.
  • These ghost notes may have long-term implications for marine life if no proper correctives are taken to deal with them.
  • It may become major threat to the natural habitat and breeding ground of underwater fish. Problem Ghost nets have destroyed or threatened many of the underwater reefs identified with flourishing fish stock because of its ‘stifling cover’.
  • Globally, it is estimated that at least 10{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} of the reduced fish catch can be blamed on ghost nets, some of which have survived deep underwater for decades together.

Australia and US jointly launched multimillion hypersonic missile – HIFiRE

  • The US and Australia have jointly test-fired a hypersonic missile capable of moving at a speed eight times faster than sound as part of a $54-million research project.
  • The test was part of a project called the Hypersonic International Flight Research Experimentation Program (HIFiRE) involving the US and Australian militaries, Queensland University, Australia’s Defence Science and Technology Group.
  • A hypersonic glider capable of moving at a speed eight times faster than sound has launched from a rocket range in the town of Woomera, South Australia.

SPORTS

Bharat Arun appointed Team India bowling coach

  • Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) has appointed Bharat Arun as the Indian Cricket team’s bowling coach.
  • BCCI’s acting Secretary Amitabh Chaudhary announced that the cricket body has also decided to retain Sanjay Bangar as an assistant coach and R Sridhar as fielding coach till the 2019 ODI World Cup.

FIFA has lifted their ban on the Sudan Football Association

  • World football’s governing body FIFA lifted the ban on the Sudan Football Association (SFA) imposed on it for the failure to abide by agreements mentioned in articles 14 and 19 of the FIFA statute.
  • The SFA and its member officials are now eligible to benefit from the FIFA development program, course or training.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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