Daily Current Affairs 20th April, 2017
China to host BRICS Film Festival in June, 2017
- The 2017 BRICS Film Festival will be held in Chengdu, southwest China’s Sichuan Province from June 23 to 27, 2017.
- There will be 30 films from BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) screened during the festival.
- The first BRICS Film Festival was held in New Delhi, India, in September 2016.
Centre extends Ceasefire with Naga rebel groups till April 27, 2018
- The union government has extended the ceasefire with the two Naga armed factions, namely, National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Reformation (NSCN-R) and National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Neakpao-Kithovi (GPRN/NSCN) till April 27, 2018.
- The decision over extension of ceasefire was taken at a meeting held between the officials of Home Ministry and the Ceasefire Supervisory Board of Naga armed factions. A ceasefire is already in operation between the government and the Naga armed factions of NSCN-R and NSCN-NK.
ECONOMY, BANKING AND FINANCE
Madhya Pradesh government, DMRC inked pact to supply power from Rewa project
- Madhya Pradesh government has signed a power purchase agreement (PPA) with the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) to supply 24 per cent of electricity generated from the Rewa ultra mega solar project to be set up in the state.
- The rest of the power will be supplied to the state.
Union Cabinet approves policy guidelines to allow state entities to directly borrow bilateral loans
- The Union Cabinet has approved the policy guidelines to permit financially sound State Government entities to borrow directly from bilateral ODA (Official development Assistance) partners for the purpose of implementing vital infrastructure projects.
- The approval is subject to fulfilment of certain conditions and all repayments of loans and interests to the funding agencies.
- As a corollary to the new decision, the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) has been permitted to borrow directly from Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Official Development Assistance (ODA) loan for implementation of Mumbai Trans Harbour Link (MTHL) project.
India develops National Action Plan to combat Antimicrobial Resistance
- Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare announced the finalization of India’s comprehensive and multi-sectoral National Action Plan at the ‘Inter-Ministerial Consultation on AMR containment’ held at New Delhi.
- The consultation was attended by various ministers including Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution Ram Vilas Paswan, and Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change Anil Madhav Dave.
- The Ministers signed a ‘Delhi Declaration’ to contain Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).
- The Delhi Declaration calls for the support of all stakeholders including UN, WHO, FAO and other UN agencies, civil society organizations etc., in developing and implementing the national and state action plans on AMR.
- The National action plan has objectives of enhancing awareness, strengthening surveillance, improving rational use of antibiotics, reducing infections and promoting research.
ENVIRONMENT,SCIENCE AND TECH
ISRO to test launch GSLV-Mk III-D1 in May 2017
- ISRO is all set to undertake the first developmental flight of a ‘game-changer’ rocket (launching vehicle) that will have the capacity to launch four-tonne class of satellites, from Sriharikota spaceport. ISRO looks forward to conduct the second developmental flight within this year.
- With the successful test launch, ISRO can carry out all the launches within the country instead of depending on international agencies for the launch of heavier satellites. Hence, the successful test launch will help in reducing ISRO’s dependency on international launching vehicles.
- ISRO’s launch vehicles as of now have the capability to launch satellites only up to 2.2 tonne. For the launch of heavier satellites, it had to depend upon the international agencies.
- So, the ISRO rightly views operationalisation of this rocket as a “game-changer” mission.
RGIA gets carbon neutrality status
- The Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (RGIA) at Shamshabad has been given the carbon neutrality status by Airports Council International (ACI) under its Airport Carbon Accreditation programme.
- The airport’s operator GMR Hyderabad International Airport Ltd (GHIAL), a GMR Group-led consortium, has stated that it was conferred with the carbon neutrality (level 3: neutrality) by the ACI at a ceremony held in Doha, Qatar
LHS 1140b: Another planet in habitable zone discovered
- Astronomers have discovered yet another planet, called LHS1140b, which is expected to be present in the Goldilocks Zone.
- It’s not so far away, either. It is found orbiting around the star LHS 1140 some 39 light-years away.
- The planet is found to be rocky, like the Earth but is over six-times as massive as Earth and about 1.5-times larger and falls under the category of ‘Super Earth’. Its gravitational pull will be three times stronger than that of the Earth.
- Rocky planets within the habitable zone are the best candidates to find evidence of some form of life.
One Part Woman bags Sahitya Akademi award:
- The English translation of writer Perumal Murugan’s novel Mathorubhagan (One Part Woman) has won the Sahitya Akademi’s award for translation in English.
- The translation was done by Aniruddhan Vasudevan.
- The Sahitya Akademi Award is a literary honor in India, which the Sahitya Akademi, India’s National Academy of Letters, annually confers on writers of the most outstanding books of literary merit published in any of the major Indian languages (24 languages, including the 22 listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, along with English and Rajasthani) recognised by the Sahitya Akademi.
UNESCO’s Felix Houphouet-Boigny Peace Prize 2017 winners
- UNESCO has named Giuseppina Nicolini, Mayor of Lampedusa (Italy)and the non-governmental organisation SOS Méditerranée (France) as the winners of Felix Houphouet-Boigny Peace Prize 2017 “for their work to save the lives of refugees and migrants and welcome them with dignity”.
- In the past, Felix Houphouet-Boigny Peace Prize has been granted to internationally renowned personalities like Nelson Mandela, Yasser Arafat, King Juan Carlos of Spain, former US president Jimmy Carter and Shimon Peres.
- For the first time, the award goes to a mayor. Giuseppina Nicolini is a 56-year-old mayor of a small Italian island since 2012. She has been selected for the award for “her boundless humanity and unwavering commitment to refugee crisis management”. As a mayor, Nicolini ensured that the Lampedusa deals as efficiently and humanely as possible with the migrants and refugees arriving from war-torn Middle Eastern countries by sea. Lampedusa is a small island which is roughly equidistant from Southern Sicily, Malta and Tunisia.
- SOS Mediterranee is an NGO founded in 2015 to rescue the refugees each week from dinghies and boats in the Mediterranean. Since 2013, it is estimated that nearly 13,000 people have perished in shipwrecks.
Video gaming to be featured at 2022 Asian Games:
- Competitive video games will become a medal sport for the first time ever at the 2022 Asian Games.
- They will appear as a demonstration event at the 2018 edition of the next Asian Games, to be held in Indonesia, as part of the run-up to esports’ official inclusion as a medal sport in the 2022 Asian Games in Hangzhou, China.
- Asian Games is a multi-sport competition, touted as second only to the Olympics in terms of size. It is held every four years.