Daily Current Affairs 20th March, 2017

Daily Current Affairs 20th March, 2017


NATIONAL

Cheneni-Nashiri: India’s Longest Road Tunnel completes trial run

  • India’s longest surface tunnel in Jammu and Kashmir’s Udhampur district is complete. It will be open to traffic soon, following successful completion of trial runs for peak and off-peak hours.
  • The 9-km-long tunnel at Chenani passes through the lower Himalayan mountain range on Jammu- Srinagar National Highway.

ECONOMY

Finance Minister finalized capital infusion for 10 PSU banks

  • Coming in support of weak and non-performing Public Sector Banks (PSBs), the Finance Ministry has chalked out a turnaround-linked Rs 8,586-crore capital infusion plan for 10 PSBs.
  • The Top five capital gaining banks are IDBI Bank (Rs 1,900 crore), Bank of India (Rs 1,500 crore), UCO Bank ( Rs 1,150 crore), Andhra Bank and Indian Overseas Bank with Rs (1,100 crore) each.

Government swaps chief executives of IDBI Bank, Indian Bank

  • The Centre has swapped the Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) of state-owned Indian Bank and IDBI Bank.
  • Mahesh Kumar Jain, who was Managing Director & CEO at Indian Bank, has been appointed as Managing Director & CEO of IDBI Bank.
  • Kishore Piraji Kharat, who was appointed as IDBI Bank CEO, has now been appointed as Managing Director and CEO of Indian Bank.

ENVIRONMENT,SCIENCE AND TECH

Telescope upgrade to search out solar storms:

  • The GRAPES-3 experiment at TIFR’s Cosmic Ray Laboratory in Ootacamund in Tamil Nadu is getting upgraded. The telescope made news last year when it detected the effect of a solar storm that hit the earth in June 2015.
  • GRAPES-3 has an important role in understanding the propagation of storms from the L1 point to its impact on the Earth.
  • The upgrade will play a major role in getting precise information about the propagation of storms in ‘the last million miles’ (from the L-1 point) of their journey from the Sun to the earth.
  • The upgraded detector will have an increased coverage of the sky and improved capacity to determine the direction of incident cosmic rays. The latter property, of being able to discern the direction of detected particles, makes it unique among cosmic ray detectors in the world; it can also to measure the intensity of the particles.
  • Since the enhanced facility can cover a wider field of view (from present 37{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} to 57{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}), the chances of spotting solar storms will be higher.

Scientists develop new Wi-Fi system to offer super-fast connectivity

  • Scientists from Eindhoven University of Technology in Netherlands have developed a new wireless Internet network based on infrared rays that is reportedly 100 times faster than existing Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) networks.
  • It has a huge capacity, more than 40 Gigabits per second (Gbit/s). It also does away with the need of sharing Wi-Fi, as every device gets its own ray of light.

Working

  • The wireless data in this network comes from a few central ‘light antennas’, that are able to precisely direct the rays of light supplied by an optical fibre.
  • These antennas contain a pair of gratings that radiate light rays of different wavelengths at different angles (passive diffraction gratings).
  • If a user is walking and his smartphone or tablet is moving out of the light antenna’s direction, then another light antenna takes over. In this system, changing the light wavelengths also changes the direction of the ray of light. It uses safe infrared wavelength that does not reach the retina in the eye.

Uttarakhand HC Declares Ganga, Yamuna Rivers As Living Legal Entities.

  • A division bench of Uttarakhand High Court has declared that rivers Ganga and Yamuna, all their tributaries, streams, every natural water flowing with flow continuously or intermittently of these rivers, as juristic/legal persons/living entities having the status of a legal person with all corresponding rights, duties and liabilities of a living person.
  • This is the first time in India and second time in the world that rivers have been recognised as a living entity with its own rights and value.
  • A bench comprising Justice Rajiv Sharma and Justice Alok Singh observed that to protect the recognition and the faith of society, rivers Ganga and Yamuna were required to be declared as legal persons/ living persons. The bench opined that there is utmost expediency to give legal status as a living person/legal entity to rivers Ganga and Yamuna r/w Articles 48-A and 51A (g) of the Constitution.

IMPORTANT DAYS

International Day of Happiness

  • The International Day of Happiness is celebrated worldwide on March 20. It was founded by United Nations adviser Jayme Illien and celebrated for the first time in 2013. With an aim to create a happier world together, it is coordinated by Action for Happiness, a non-profit movement of people from 160 countries.
  • In 2011, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution which recognised happiness as a “fundamental human goal.”
  • In 2012, in the first ever UN Conference on Happiness, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution that the International Day of Happiness would be celebrated on March 20 every year. It was celebrated for the first time in 2013.
  • This year the United Nations is using the Smurfs through “ Small Smurf Big Goals” campaign to promote its 17 sustainable development Goals on the International Day of Happiness.

OBITUARY

Renowned Meteorologist Dev Raj Sikka passes away

  • Renowned Meteorologist and former director of the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (Pune) Dev Raj Sikka passed away at the age of 85.
  • He is famously known as Monsoon Man and the Father of Indian Meteorology.
  • He was first proposed a link between the El Nino phenomenon and the Indian monsoon in 1982, but that time less importance was given to it.

SPORTS

Roger Federer claims fifth Indian Wells Masters title

  • World famous tennis player Roger Federer (Switzerland) claimed his fifth BNP PARIBAS OPEN, ATP Indian Wells Masters title after defeating Stan Wawrinka in California, USA.

Shahid Afridi appointed as ambassador of Blind Cricket World Cup

  • Former Pakistan all-rounder Shahid Afridi has been appointed as the ambassador for the fifth edition of the Blind Cricket World Cup 2018.
  • The announcement was made by the Pakistan Blind Cricket Council (PBCC). Blind Cricket World Cup will be hosted by PBCC in the United Arab Emirates(UAE) and Pakistan in January 2018.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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