Daily Current Affairs 21st August, 2017

Daily Current Affairs 21st August, 2017

National

Delhi may get Aerial defense system that protects US capital

 

  • The Indian government is reportedly considering a proposal to improve aerial defences of the capital by adopting defence system that protects US capital, Washington DC.
  • This comes after the threat to Delhi from incoming enemy missiles and aircraft is on rise because of their increasing use by terrorist organizations.

Nepalese PM Deuba to Begin Four-Day Visit to India

  • In his first foreign visit after assuming office, Nepalese Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba will arrive on a four-day trip.
  • Deuba will be accompanied by a high-level delegation and will also call on the President and the Vice-President.

Important Takeaways from Above News-

  • Deuba took over as prime minister in June 2017.
  • He has replaced Pushpa Kamal Dahal.
  • Kathmandu is the Capital of Nepal.

Smriti Irani Inaugurates Handicraft Manufacturing Unit in Jharkhand

  • Smriti Irani has inaugurated Jharkhand’s first textiles manufacturing and export unit ‘Orient Craft Ltd’.
  • Irani will also lay foundation stones of numerous companies under special make in Jharkhand drive, called “Momentum Jharkhand”in Jamshedpur. The ongoing ceremony, named as ”Second Groundbreaking Ceremony” foundation stones for 70 companies.

Important Takeaways from Above News-

  • Governor of Jharkhand is Draupadi Murmu.
  • Chief Minister of Jharkhand is RaghubarDas.

Union Ministry of Defence Approves Delegation of Powers to Border Roads Organisation

  • The Ministry of Defencehas decided to delegate administrative and financial powers to the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) to avoid delays on account of references between the Chief Engineer, HQ DGBR and the Ministry.
  • The Ministry of Defence has approved that for both departmental and contractual mode of execution. A chief engineer of the BRO can accord administrative approval up to Rs. 50 crore, ADGBR up to Rs. 75 crore and DGBR up to Rs. 100 crore. Defence Ministry has approved policy guidelines based on which the BRO may engage big construction companies for taking up road projects on a turnkey basis.

Important Points

  • The defence minister of India is Arun Jaitley.

Rajasthan Govt Signed JV Agreement for Refinery Project with HPCL

  • Rajasthan governmentand state-owned oil firm HPCL inked an agreement to form a joint venture company for Barmer petroleum refinery and petrochemical complex. In a new firm, HPCL Rajasthan Refinery Limited (HRRL), state government will have 26{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} and HPCL will have 74 per cent of partnership.
  • As per the proposed plan, the refinery project would be established in4,813 acres of land area. A 270 MW power would be generated from the waste petcoke generated from the refinery.

Important Points

  • Chief Minister of Rajasthan is Vasundhara Raje.
  • M K Surana is the current CEO, Chairman, Managing Director of HPCL.
  • Capital, Jaipur (the “Pink City”)

Nestle India Ties up With Amazon

  • Nestle India has tied up with Amazon India for the launch of its new Nutrilicious range of Maggi Noodles. The new range will be available first on Amazon.in, and the company, subsequently, aims to roll it out across retail outlets in India.
  • New Maggi Nutritious Noodles are in line with Nestle’s “Simply Good” initiative to provide healthier & tastier choices to consumers.

Important Points:-

  • Jeffrey Preston Bezos is the founder, chairman, and chief executive officer of Amazon.com.
  • Mark Schneider is the Chief Executive Officer of Nestle.

International

UK Scientists Create World’s Smallest Surgical Robot

  • British scientists have developed the worlds smallest surgical robotwhich could transform daily operations for tens of thousands of patients. A team of 100 scientists and engineers have used low-cost technology originally developed for mobile phones and space industry.
  • The robot, called Versius, mimics the human arm and can be used to carry out a wide range of laparoscopic procedures. The robot is set to be launched next year.

12-year-old Indian-Origin Crowned Child Genius in UK

  • A 12-year-old Indian-origin boy named Rahul Doshi has been crowned as the UK’s ‘Child Genius’ in a popular television quiz competition, days after he became an overnight sensation after answering all questions correctly.
  • Rahul Doshi won the Channel 4 show ‘Child Genius’ by beating his nine-year-old opponent – Ronan – 10-4. The school boy is from north London.

Important Points (UK)

Capital: London

Prime minister: Theresa May

Currency: Pound sterling

US and South Korea 10-day Annual Military Exercise Begins

  • The US and South Korea began a 10-day-long annual military exercise. The Ulchi Freedom Guardian drillis a computer-simulated defensive exercise designed to enhance readiness and maintain stability on the Korean peninsula.
  • The Ulchi Freedom Guardian drills will be the first joint military exercise between the allies since North Korea successfully flight-tested two intercontinental ballistic missiles in July and threatened to bracket Guam with intermediate range ballistic missile fire in August.

FACTS ABOUT SOUTH KOREA

Capital: Seoul

President: Moon Jae-in

Currency: South Korean won

Prime minister: Lee Nak-yeon

First Regional Centre of NDB Opens in S Africa

  • The first regional centre of the New Development Bank, set up by India and other BRICS nations, was officially opened by South African President Jacob Zuma and the bank’s Indian head K V Kamath.
  • NDB has anauthorized capital of the bank is USD 100 billion. In 2018 it is expected to present about 15 to 20 projects involving a total lending of about USD 4 billion for the boards consideration.

Important Takeaways from Above News-

  • Headquarter of NDB is in Shanghai, China.
  • President‎ of NDB is ‎K.V. Kamath.

India, US Establish TWO-BY-TWO Ministerial Dialogue

  • India and UShave established new two-by-two (2 by 2) ministerial dialogue to enhance strategic coordination between them and maintaining peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • The new dialogue format will replace the earlier India-US Strategic and Commercial Dialogue. It will be similar to the India-Japan 2+2 dialogue format between foreign and defence secretaries of the two countries.

Important points

  • The capital of US is Washington D.C.
  • Donald John Trump is the 45th and current President of the United States.

China to start world’s 1st meltdown-proof nuclear plant.

China is going to launch the world’s first nuclear power plant, the Sanmen Nuclear Power Station that is immune to meltdown.

The US and China jointly invested over RS.38,000crore for building the reactor used in the plant.

Ukraine removed all 1,320 statues of Lenin.

  • Ukraine has removed all 1,320 statues of communist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin following government drive to rid the country of Soviet-era symbol.
  • Interestingly, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin, was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.

ABOUT UKRAINE

  • Capital and largest city: Kiev
  • Currency: Ukrainian hryvnia
  • Official language: Ukrainian

Ten sentenced to death for trying to assassinate Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina.

  • Ten militants were sentenced to death and nine others jailed for 20 years each by court in Bangladesh for attempting to assassinate Sheikh Hasina in 2000.
  • The convicts had hatched the plot to kill Hasina in 2000 by planting a high powered explosive device at an open ground at her village home, where she was schedule to address a public rally.

ABOUT BANGLADESH

  • Capital: Dhaka
  • Currency: Bangladeshi taka
  • Prime minister: Sheikh Hasina

ECONOMY

SBI and PNB alone accounts for 40{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} bad loans.

Country’s largest lender State Bank of India accounts for over 27{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} of the total amount owed to public sector banks by willful defaulters.

Punjab National Bank (PNB) is next on the list with 1,120 wilful defaulters having outstanding non-performing assets wich accounts for 13{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}of the total amount owed to public sector banks by willful defaulters.

Power Grid Inks $500 Million Loan Pact with ADB

  • State-run power transmission utilityPower Grid Corp announced that it will get a loan of USD 500 million from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) for its various projects.
  • The proceeds of the loan are proposed to be utilised for funding of Green Energy Corridor (Part D); 800KV High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) bipole link between Western Region (Raigarh, Chhattisgarh) and Southern Region (Pugalur, Tamil Nadu) and 320 KV HDVC link between Pugalur and North Trichur (Kerala).

Imp points:-

Headquarters: Mandaluyong, Philippines

President: Takehiko Nakao

Membership: 67 countries

Founded: 19 December 1966

Chairman Managing Director of Power Grid Corporation of India :– I. S. Jha

At 27{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}, SBI Tops Share of Wilful Default to PSBs

  • The country’s largest lender, SBI, accounts for over27 per cent of the total amount owed to public sector banks by wilful defaulters. As many as 1,762 wilful defaulters owed SBI Rs25,104 crore.
  • Punjab National Bank (PNB)is next on the list with 1,120 wilful defaulters having outstanding non-performing assets (NPAs) of Rs12,278 crore.

ABOUT SBI

Headquarters: Mumbai

Founded: 1 July 1955

Owner: Government of India (57.97{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}) Life Insurance Corporation of India (10{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769})

Arundhati Bhattacharya is currently the Chairman of the State Bank of India.

DEFENCE, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Navika Sagar Parikrama: Indian Navy’s All women Team to Circumnavigate Globe

  • Under project Navika Sagar Parikrama,a team of women officers of the Indian Navy would circumnavigate the globe on an Indian-built sail boat INSV Tarini. This is the first ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew.
  • The project is considered essential towards promoting Ocean Sailing activities in the Navy while depicting Government of India’s thrust for ‘Nari Shakti’.

Important fact

  • Defence minister of India is Arun Jaitley.
  • Current Chief of the Naval Staff is Admiral Sunil Lanba.
  • Tarini was inducted into the Indian Navy on February 18, 2017.

NASA Launches Satellite to Help Astronauts Talk to Earth

  • NASAlaunched the latest in a series of satellites aimed at ensuring astronauts at the International Space Station can communicate with Earth. The $408 million Boeing-made Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-M) soared into space atop an Atlas V rocket that launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • The satellite will support critical space communication into the mid-2020s.TDRS-M is the last of 13 such satellites that have been launched since 1983.

About NASA

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration is the full form of NASA.
  • Robert M. Lightfoot Jr. is NASA Acting Administrator.
  • NASA was established in 1958.

APPOINTMENT

O Paneerselvam takes oath as Tamil Nadu Deputy CM.

  • O P Aneerselam took oath as the deputy CM of Tamil Nadu, hours after the merger of rival AIADMK factions was announced.
  • He was also allotted the Finance Ministry.

GEOGRAPHY

Odisha to restore Sops for Paradip Port.

  • The Odisha Government, which had withdrawn tax incentives to the 34,555-crore Paradip refinery of IOC, has agreed to restore some of the tax breaks including a 700-crore per annum of interest-free loan.
  • The breakthrough came after Mr.Pradhan met Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik.

About Paradip Port:- Paradip Port is an artificial, deep-water port on the East coast of India in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha. It is situated at confluence of the Mahanadi river and the Bay of Bengal.

 SPORTS

Qatar to build Arabian cap-shaped stadium for FIFA WC.

  • Qatar will build a stadium shaped like an Arabian skull cap for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
  • Qatar is building at least eight air-conditioned stadiums for the tournament.

India beat SL by 9 wickets to take 1-0 series lead.

  • India defeated Sri Lanka by 9 wickets to take 1-0 lead in the five match ODI series at Dambulla.
  • While chasing SL’s 216, Indian opener Shikhar Dhawan scored his 111th ODI hundred in 71 balls and Virat Kohli scored his 44th ODI fifty.

Serena Williams- The Highest-Paid Female Athlete of 2017

  • American Tennis Player Serena Williams has topped theForbes’ list of highest paid female athletes of 2017 with $27 million in earnings between June 2016 and June 2017.
  • Her earnings, which include prize money and endorsements, is twice that of any other female athlete.

Imp points:-

  • Sharapova was the highest-paid female athlete for 11 years until Williams unseated her in FORBES’ 2016 look at the top-paid women in sports.
  • Williams ranked 51st on the list in 2016.

OBITUARY

Comedy Legend Jerry Lewis Dies

 Veteran American entertainer Jerry Lewis died aged 91. One of the most popular comic actors of the 1950s and ’60s, Lewis perfected the role of the quirky clown in slapstick comedies like “The Nutty Professor” but also won acclaim as a writer, actor, and philanthropist.

 He was honoured with accolades at home and abroad, including a nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1977.

IMP FACTS

The notable films in Lewis’ repertoire include “It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World” (1959), “The Geisha Boy” (1958) and “Funnybones” (1984).

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