Daily Current Affairs 24th October, 2016

Daily Current Affairs 24th October, 2016

United Nations Day is being observed today

  • 24 October is celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948.
  • This year’s UN Day will be used to highlight concrete actions people can take to help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

About United Nations

  • Headquarters New York City (International territory)
  • Official languages-Arabic Chinese English French Russian Spanish
  • Type -Intergovernmental organization
  • Membership- 193 member states,2 observer states

Leaders

  • Secretary‑General Ban Ki-Moon
  • Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson
  • General Assembly President Peter Thomson (diplomat)
  • Economic and Social Council President Frederick Musiiwa Makamure Shava
  • Security Council President Vitaly Churkin

Establishment

  • UN Charter signed 26 June 1945
  • Charter entered into force 24 October 1945

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), officially known as Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a set of seventeen aspirational “Global Goals” with 169 targets between them. Spearheaded by the United Nations, through a deliberative process involving its 193 Member States, as well as global civil society, the goals are contained in paragraph 54 United Nations Resolution A/RES/70/1 of 25 September 2015.[1] The Resolution is a broader intergovernmental agreement that, while acting as the Post 2015 Development Agenda (successor to the Millennium Development Goals), builds on the Principles agreed upon under Resolution A/RES/66/288, popularly known as The Future We Want.The Goals are as follows

  1. End poverty
  2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
  3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
  4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
  5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
  7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
  8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
  9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
  10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
  11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
  14. Conserve and sustainable use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainable manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all level
  17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Ratan Tata replaces Cyrus Mistry as Tata Sons chairman

In one of the biggest upheaval in the corporate sector, the Tata Sons Board has appointed Ratan Tata as the interim chairman of the group, replacing Cyrus Mistry.  

ITBP celebrating its 55th raising day

  • The Indo-Tibetan Border Police celebrated its 55th raising day on 24 October.
  • The force was created on 24th October in 1962. ITBP is deployed on border guarding duties from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh covering 3488 kilometer of India-China Border.
  • ITBP is a multi-dimensional force which primarily has 5 functions:
  1. Vigil on the northern borders, detection and prevention of border violations, and promotion of the sense of security among the local populace.
  2. Check illegal immigration and trans-border smuggling
  3. Provide security to sensitive installations and threatened VIPs
  4. Restore and preserve order in any area in the event of disturbance
  5. to maintain the peace

Indian Army team wins gold medal in gruelling Cambrian Patrol exercise

  • A team from the Indian Army’s Gorkha Rifles has won a gold medal at one of the most gruelling exercises in the world.
  • Team 2/8 Gorkha was awarded a gold medal in Exercise Cambrian Patrol organized by the British Army.

About Gorkha Rifles

  • The 11 Gorkha Rifles is a Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin that was re-raised after independence
  • Active -1918-1922, 1948 – present
  • Country -India British India 1918-1922:India India 1948 – present
  • Allegiance -India
  • Branch -British Indian Army: Indian Army
  • Type -Rifles
  • Role -Light Infantry
  • Size -6 Battalions
  • Regimental Centre -Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
  • Nickname -Kirant
  • Motto(s) – Yatraham Vijayastatra (The Metaphor for Victory)
  • War Cry -Jai Mahakali, Ayo Gorkhali (Victory to Mahakali, The Gorkhas Are Here)

Tom Hayden, famed anti-Vietnam war activist, dies at 76

  • Tom Hayden, a 1960s anti-war activist and one of the era’s most prominent, counter-culture radicals who went on to serve in the California state assembly and senate, has died aged 76.
  • Hayden died in Santa Monica, California, after a long illness.

About Vietnam War

  • Date -1 November 1955[A 1] – 30 April 1975
  • Location -South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos
  • Result -North Vietnamese victory
  •           Withdrawal of American-led forces from Indochina
  •           Communist governments take power in South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia
  •            South Vietnam is annexed by North Vietnam
  • Territorial changes -Reunification of North and South Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of   Vietnam.

Lewis Hamilton wins 2016 United States Grand Prix

  • Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton (England) has won the 2016 United States Grand Prix.
  • The race was held at the Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas, United States.
  • Nico Rosberg (German) finished second while Red Bull Racing-TAG Heuer’s Daniel Ricciardo finished third in the race.

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