Daily Current Affairs 25th July, 2017

Daily Current Affairs 25th July, 2017

INTERNATIONAL

UN selects Dubai as data hub for MENASA region

  • The UN has selected Dubai as the data hub for the Middle East North Africa and South Asia (MENASA) region for the city’s integrated initiatives to mine and manage its data.
  • The designation will be part of a portfolio of local and regional data portals, analytics and reports to engage stakeholders and help accelerate progress. It will also serve as a dedicated platform for city-to- city learning and ‘solutions transfer’ across metropolitan, national and global contexts.

NATIONAL

 Ram Nath Kovind takes over as country’s 14th President

  • Ram Nath Kovind took over as the 14th President of India. He administered the oath of office by the Chief Justice of India Justice J S Khehar at a special function in the Central Hall of Parliament.
  • The stage was shared by President and President-elect, Speaker, Vice President and Chief Justice of India. After the oath of new President, a 21-gun salute was honored followed by the acceptance speech of Mr. Kovind.

Union Government launches ‘SHe-Box’ portal for Sexual harassment

  • The Minister of Women & Child Development, Smt. Maneka Gandhi launched an online complaint management system titled Sexual Harassment electronic–Box (SHe-Box) for registering complaints related to sexual harassment at workplace in New Delhi.
  • The complaint management system has been developed to ensure the effective implementation of Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act (the SH Act), 2013. Currently, this facility has been extended to employees of Central Government, the scope of the portal will soon be extended to women employees of the private sector also.

FSSAI bans stapler pins in tea bags from January 2018

  •  The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has banned the use of stapler pins in tea bags from January 2018.
  • FSSAI ban order issued under Section (15) FSS Act, 2006 has deemed that any loose staple pin consumed inadvertently with tea may cause a serious health hazard. Key Facts Currently, tea bags are either stapled or knotted.
  • According to industry estimates, the tea bag segment contributes 3-4{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} by value of total tea sales but it is one of the fastest growing segments at 50-60{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} year-on-year.
  • The FSSAI order directs the concerned food business operators to discontinue the manufacture, storage, distribution, sale and import of stapled tea bags by 1 January 2018. It also directs all food safety commissioners to take action to prevent the use of unsafe packaging materials by companies and take up measures for enforcement of its order.

ECONOMY,BANKING AND FINANCE

Bill introduced to replace Banking regulation ordinance

  • The Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2017 to authorise the RBI to direct banking companies to resolve the problem of stressed assets has been introduced in the Lok Sabha by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.
  • The Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2017, seeks to amend the Banking Regulation Act, 1949 and replace the Banking Regulation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2017, which was promulgated in May this year.
  • It gives powers to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to ask any bank to initiate insolvency proceedings and give directions for resolution of stressed assets.
  • The RBI would also be empowered to issue other directions for resolution, appoint or approve for appointment, authorities or committees to advise the banking companies for stressed asset resolution.

CCEA approves selling 51{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} stake in HPCL to ONGC

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved sale of government’s 51.11{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} stake along with management control in HPCL (Hindustan Petroleum) to ONGC.
  • HPCL will continue as PSU after the acquisition. HPCL will add 23.8 million tonnes of annual oil refining capacity to ONGC’s portfolio, making it the third-largest refiner in the country after Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) and Reliance Industries.
  • Prior to the merger, HPCL will take over Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd (MRPL) to bring all the refining assets of ONGC under one unit. ONGC currently owns 71.63{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} of MRPL while HPCL has 16.96{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} stake in it. MRPL will be the third refinery of HPCL, which already has units at Mumbai and Visakhapatnam.

GOVT SCHEME/DIGITAL INDIA

Aarambh app for Road maintenance

  • The government has launched a mobile app- Aarambh- for road maintenance.
  • This Mobile Phone App aims at use of GIS based mapping for making road inventories, condition surveys, and producing cost estimates and other relevant data for preparation and monitoring of annual road maintenance plans.
  • Its usage would greatly enhance the service delivery of the state level institutions in planning and implementing performance based rural roads maintenance contracts.

DEFENCE

Meet on island development

  • Ten islands from Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep have been identified by the government for improving maritime economy, preserving the eco-system and addressing security concerns. The decision was taken at the first meeting of the newly- constituted Islands Development Agency (IDA).
  • The islands include Smith, Ross, Aves, Long and Little Andaman in Andaman and Nicobar and Minicoy, Bangaram, Suheli, Cherium and Tinnakara in Lakshadweep.
  • The IDA was set up on June 1 this year following Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s review meeting for the development of islands.
  • The meetings of the agency are chaired by the Union Home Minister.
  • Members of the IDA include cabinet secretary, home secretary, secretary (environment, forests and climate change), secretary (tourism) and secretary (tribal welfare).

Parliament passes The Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of Maritime Claims) Bill, 2016

  •  Parliament has passed The Admiralty (Jurisdiction and Settlement of Maritime Claims) Bill, 2016.
  • Admiralty laws deal with cases of accidents in navigable waters or involve contracts related to commerce on such waters. The Bill seeks to upgrade existing laws related to civil matters of admiralty jurisdiction of courts, maritime claims, arrest and detention of ships.
  •  It repeals laws such as the Admiralty Court Act, 1861, Colonial Courts of Admiralty Act, 1890.

Features of the Bill

  • The bill confers admiralty jurisdiction on High Courts located in coastal states of India, thus extending their upto territorial waters.
  • It empowers central government to extend the jurisdiction of these High Courts. Under the earlier laws enacted during the colonial era, the admiralty was only by the High Courts of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.
  • The bill now extends the provisions of admiralty jurisdiction to every vessel irrespective of place of domicile or residence of owner. It does not apply to naval auxiliary, warships and vessels used for non-commercial purposes.
  • It empowers High Courts to exercise jurisdiction on maritime claims arising out of conditions such as disputes regarding ownership of a vessel, mortgage on a vessel, construction, repair, or conversion of the vessel, disputes between co-owners of a vessel regarding employment or earnings of the vessel, disputes arising out of the sale of a vessel, and environmental damage caused by the vessel, etc.
  • India is a leading maritime nation and maritime transportation caters to about 95{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769} of its merchandise trade volume. However, the admiralty jurisdiction of Indian courts under the present statutory framework flow from laws enacted in the British era. The repealing of five archaic admiralty statutes is in line with the Union Government’s commitment to do away with archaic laws which are hindering efficient governance. 

OBITUARY

Renowned scientist Yash Pal passes away

  • Veteran scientist, administrator and popular science communicator, Professor Yash Pal died in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. He was 90. Mr. Pal made significant contributions to the field of science and to the study of cosmic rays, high-energy physics, astrophysics and development, among others.
  • A scientist of international repute, Mr. Pal was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1976 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2013.

SPORTS

 Mithali Raj named captain of ICC Women’s World Cup team

  • India skipper Mithali Raj was chosen as the captain of the ICC Women’s World Cup 2017 team by the International Cricket Council. The 34-year-old Indian was selected as captain after she led India to the final of the just-concluded ICC Women’s World Cup.
  •  Mithali led by example, scoring 409 runs during the 30- day tournament. The side includes four players from England, three from South Africa, and Australia all-rounder Ellyse Perry. Mithali has been picked in the Team of the Tournament for the second time in her career.

 Boxer Sachin Siwach wins Gold at Commonwealth Youth Games

  • World Youth Champion Sachin Siwach clinched a gold medal at the Commonwealth Youth Games, Bahamas after defeating Welsh boxer James Nathan Prober 4-1 in the final.
  • Siwach, who won gold last year, was the only one of the 103 boxers to have clinched a gold so far in the tournament, taking place in Bahamas. The World Youth Champion was also the flag bearer of India for the tournament.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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