Daily Current Affairs 26th January, 2017

Daily Current Affairs 26th January, 2017

INTERNATIONAL

US President Trump orders 2,000-mile wall to be built on Mexico border,bans immigrants from 7 countries

  • President Donald Trump has signed directives to build a wall along the US border with Mexico and crack down on US cities that shield illegal immigrants, proceeding quickly on sweeping and divisive plans to kerb immigration and boost national security.
  • The Republican President is also expected to take steps in the coming days to limit legal immigration, including executive orders restricting refugees and blocking the issuing of visas to people from several Muslim-majority Middle Eastern and North African countries including Syria, Sudan, Somalia, Iraq, Iran, Libya and Yemen.
  • Trump signed two executive orders at the Department of Homeland Security, one ordering construction of a wall along the roughly 2,000-mile (3,200kilometre) US-Mexico border and the other moving to strip federal grant money from “sanctuary” states and cities, often governed by Democrats, that harbour illegal immigrants.

Burj Khalifa lights up in ‘Tricolour’ to mark 68th Indian Republic Day

  • Burj Khalifa tower, the world’s tallest building located in Dubai, has lit up in the colours of the Indian National flag on 25th January 2017 and 26th January 2017 to celebrate India’s 68th Republic Day.


NATIONAL

Nation celebrates its 68th Republic Day

  • India celebrates its 68th Republic Day today (26th January 2017). On January 26, 1950, the Constitution of India came into force, and Republic Day is celebrated to honour that day. On this day in 1950, the first President of India, Dr Rajendra Prasad took the oath.
  • Every year on Republic Day, India invites a visiting head of state, who is the state guest of honour (chief guest) for the ceremony.
  • This year’s guest of honour is the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

ECONOMY

RBI stops investments to ‘non-cooperative countries’

  • Reserve Bank has prohibited Indian entities from making direct investments in any entity located in ‘non co-operative countries and territories’, as identified by the inter-governmental body FATF.
  • The prohibition on investment is “in order to align” instructions under FEMA with the objectives of the FATF. At present, there is no restriction on an Indian entity with regard to the countries where it can undertake Overseas Direct Investment.
  • The principal objective of the Non-Cooperative Countries and Territories (NCCT) Initiative was to reduce the vulnerability of the financial system to money laundering by ensuring that all financial centres adopt and implement measures for the prevention, detection and punishment of money laundering according to internationally recognised standards.

About FATF:

  • FATF was established in 1989. Its objectives are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.
  • The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) currently comprises two regional organisations and 35 member jurisdictions, including India, US, UK, China and the European Commission.

ENVIRONMENT,SCIENCE AND TECH

Madhya Pradesh CM announces total ban on polythene bags:gives 3 months to polythene manufacturers

  • Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has announced a total ban on polythene carry bags from May 1, 2017 across the state.

World’s first stable semi-synthetic organism created

  • Researchers have made a new ‘alien’ life-form with an expanded genetic code.
  • The modified E.coli bacteria was made by scientists who introduced DNA molecules not found in nature to a common bacterium.
  • The E. coli bugs are able to grow and reproduce as normal despite containing two extra letters in their genetic code, paving the way for entirely new artificial life forms to be created.
  • The newly created bacteria now holds on to its human-created X and Y bases while it grows and divides, much like the natural A, C, G and T bases.

GM mosquito trials to control dengue, chikungunya launched :backed by WHO  

  • Outdoor caged trials by Oxitec to demonstrate the efficiency of genetically modified mosquitoes to suppress wild female Aedes aegypti mosquito populations that transmit dengue, chikungunya and Zika were launched on January 23 in Dawalwadi, Badnapur, in Maharashtra’s Jalna district.
  • Oxitec’s technology uses genetically modified male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that carry a dominant lethal gene. When male GM mosquitoes mate with wild female mosquitoes the lethal gene is passed on to offspring. The lethal gene in the offspring kills the larvae before they reach adulthood.
  • Since male mosquitoes do not bite humans, the release of GM males will not increase the risk of dengue, chikungunya and Zika.
  • First released in Brazil, Oxitec’s mosquitoes have demonstrated to reduce the local populations by more than 90{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}, whereas insecticides only affect 30{be19e8fcc7081f751eba9e03bd22e904e5cf3e86733381e655a03b1ab7839769}. In addition, this strategy only targets a specific mosquito strain and does not produce any toxic compounds that could affect their predators, making Oxitec’s the most eco-friendly solution so far to control the spread of infectious diseases.
  • The company released 10,000 of them in one of the Cayman Islands, drastically reducing the local mosquito population.

AWARDS

Jeevan Raksha Padak Awards – 2016

  • The President of India has approved the conferment of Jeevan Raksha Padak Series of Awards for the year 2016.
  • Jeevan Raksha Padak series of awards are given to a person for meritorious act of humane nature in saving the life of a person in three categories, namely, Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak, Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak and Jeevan Raksha Padak.
  • Persons of either sex in all walks of life are eligible for these awards. The award can also be conferred posthumously.
  • The decoration of the award (medal, certificate signed by the Home Minister and demand draft for lump sum monetary allowance) is presented to the awardee in due course by the respective State Government to which the awardee belongs.

 

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