Daily Current Affairs 27th May, 2017
Government bans Sale of Cattle for Slaughter
- The Ministry of Environment and Forests have come up with new regulations that bans the sale of cattle for slaughter.
- The central regulation for cow protection has been notified at the backdrop of rising cases of violence against cow traders by Hindu vigilante groups.
- The rules have been notified under Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960. Slaughter of cows are banned in most parts of the country except parts of the north-east India and Kerala. The new rules will be implemented in the next three months
- The Rule applies to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
- Cattle cannot be brought to an animal market for sale for slaughter.
- Animal Market consists of: Marketplaces where animals are brought from other places for sale or auction. It includes animal fairs, or areas adjoining a market or a slaughterhouse.
- Cattle as defined: A bovine animal including bulls, bullocks, cows, buffalos, steers, heifers and calves and includes camels.
- All existing animal markets will have to be registered within three months with the District Animal Market Monitoring Committee by making an application to the Committee.
- Cruel and harmful practices have been prohibited for animals including, painting of horns, ear cutting buffaloes, making animals lay on hard ground without proper bedding.
- Purchaser of cattle cannot sell animal for slaughter or sacrifice the animal for religious purposes.
- The rule mandates the appointment of Veterinary inspectors who shall screen the animals before they enter the market. The inspector shall also check whether animals are being transported in trucks which are authorised by law to carry animals.
- The new rules apply only to animal markets and not to individual cattle buying and selling by people.
Implications of this move:
- Experts predict that the worst hit from the rules will be Muslim meat and leather traders who are increasingly facing violence from aggressive cow vigilante groups.
- Farmers will also be affected as they will be deprived of the compensation they get from selling aged or non-milch cattle. Farmers may now have to spend on feeding their aged cattle or the animals will have to be abandoned.
PM lays Foundation Stone for IARI at Gogamukh
- The Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the Foundation Stone of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute at Gogamukh in Assam’s Dhemaji district located on the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border.
- This will be the third Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI).
- Apart from IARI in the national capital, the work on setting up of second IARI in Ranchi, Jharkhandhas commenced.
- The setting up of a new institute is envisaged to help in the overall development of agriculture sector in North-East India.
- The institute will have facilities related to farming, horticulture crops, animal husbandry and silk pest farming.
- Prime Minister also spoke of “Panch Tatva”for the overall development and to boost connectivity in the North-East India. The five ways are highways, railways, waterways, airways and I-ways or the optical fibre network.
DIPP to Grant Industrial Licenses for Defence Manufacturing
- The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) has been given back the power to grant licenses for defence manufacturing.
- Earlier, a few months back, the Home Ministry was given the responsibility.
- The decision was taken considering the workload of Home Ministry which has to look after security concerns of the entire country.
Law Ministry: Poll Candidates have to Declare their and Spouse’s Source of Income
- Election contestants will have to declare their own and their spouses’ sources of earning in the affidavits filed before contesting polls.
- At present, it is mandatory for the poll contestants to disclose the details of assets and liabilities for self, spouse and three dependents in Form 26 at the filing of nomination papers but not the source of income.
- The law ministry has announced an amendment to the conduct of election rules.
ECONOMY,BANKING AND FINANCE
Nagpur gets India’s first fleet of electric vehicles
- The Orange City (Nagpur) has become India’s first city to have electric mass mobility system.
- It will have a fleet of 200 electric vehicles including taxis, buses, e-rickshaw and autorickshaws, all of which will be fully owned by cab aggregator Ola.
- Road transport and highways minister Nitin Gadkari, along with Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has inaugurated India’s first multi-modal electric vehicle project at the Nagpur Airport Complex.
Slum Yuva Daud
- It was recently organized in Delhi to mark the beginning of the Adopt Slum Campaign.
- It was initiated by the Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports and Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS).
- Participation: the campaign will involve groups like NSS, public schools, RWAs, NGOs, rotary clubs etc.
- The NYKS has adopted slums across 11 districts and will work for their overall development with young volunteers.
- It is the Indo-Thailand Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) Table Top Exercise 2017 held recently in Chiang Mai, Thailand between the Indian Air Force and Royal Thailand Air Force (RTAF).
- The aim of the bilateral exercise is to evolve SOPs for planning and executing relief missions during unforeseen natural calamities like Tsunami, earthquakes, cyclones, floods etc. The objective is to enhance interoperability between both the Air Forces, while conducting combined air operations triggered by a crisis.
- The exercise would assist in laying down procedures and establish decision support system at various stages of relief operations.
ENVIRONMENT,SCIENCE AND TECH
NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Discovers Earth-Sized Storms on Jupiter
- NASA’s Juno spacecraft has discovered Earth-sized cyclones at the poles of the Jupiter.
- It has also unveiled the presence of the storm systems that travel deep into the heart of the planet.
- Both the poles of the Jupiter were found to be covered with Earth-sized swirling storms which are densely clustered and rubbing together.
- The findings were the result of the Juno probe’s first data-collection pass on August last year. The spacecraft flew for about 4,200 kilometres of Jupiter’s swirling cloud top.
- The findings suggest the presence of ammonia clouds over the planet which are quite variable and continue to increase up to a few hundred miles or kilometres.
Construction Commences on World’s Largest Telescope in Chile
- Construction works for building Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) has commenced in Chile.
- After completion, the Extremely Large Telescope will become the world’s largest optical telescope which will be five times larger than the top observing instruments that are in use today.
- The telescope will be constructed at a 3,000 meter-high mountain in the middle of the Atacama desert.
- The telescope is scheduled to commence its operations in 2024. The ELT is funded by the European Southern Observatory.
- The organization comprises of European and southern hemisphere nations.
- It is expected that construction costs of ELT would come around 1 billion euros at 2012 prices.
AWARDS AND HONOURS
National Award for Social Understanding and Upliftment of Weaker Sections
- The President of India Shri Pranab Mukharjee presented the “Dr. Ambedkar National Award for Social Understanding and up-liftment of Weaker Sections for the year 2011, 2012 and 2014” at a function here today. The function was organized by The Ambedkar Foundation under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
- The award for the year 2011 was presented to Professor S.K. Thorat on New Delhi for his contributions towards the upliftment of the downtrodden.
- The award for the year 2012 was presented to Samta Sainik Dal for its extraordinary services.
- The award for the year 2014 was jointly presented to Shri Babu Lal Nirmal of Rajasthan for his extraordinary contributions in upholding the rights of poor persons in rural and urban areas of Baran District and to Amar Sewa Sangam of Tamil Nadu for its extraordinary services being extended for the welfare of the marginalized population of the society including the physically and mentally challenged persons.
New Chairman for National Commission for Minorities
- Syed Ghayorul Hasan Rizvi has been appointed as the new Chairman of the National Commission for Minorities.
KPS Gill who led Operation Black Thunder Passes Away
- KPS Gill, an IPS officer of the Assam-Meghalaya cadre of the 1958 batch, who is often credited with rooting out militancy in Punjab has passed away at the age of 82.
- He was known as a ‘super cop’ for his work in the fields of policing and security.
- Gill led the ‘Operation Black Thunder’ in May 1988 to eliminate militants hiding in the Golden Temple.
- He is credited for completely eliminating the Khalistani terrorism in Punjab.
- Unlike Operation Blue Star (1984), Operation Black Thunder was highly successful as little damage was caused to the Golden Temple.
- Operation Black Thunder resulted in the surrender of around 67 Sikhs and the death of 43 militants.
- Gill was the former director general of police (DGP) of Punjab. He held that post from 1988 to 1990 and then again from 1991 until his retirement in 1995