Daily Current Affairs 3rd December, 2016
Nation pays tribute to Rajendra Prasad on his 131st birth anniversary
- Remembering Rajendra Prasad, the first President of Independent India on the 131st birth anniversary on 03rd December 2016.
- Rajendra Prasad was an eminent freedom fighter, a renowned jurist, an eloquent parliamentarian, an able administrator, a statesman par excellence and above all, a humanist to the core.
- Rajendra Prasad, affectionately addressed as ‘Rajen Babu’, was born at Village Ziradei in Saran district (now in Siwan) of Bihar on 03 December 1884
SC approves Centre’s Graded Response System to tackle air pollution in Delhi-NCR
- The Supreme Court has approved Central Government’s Graded Response Action Plan to tackle different levels of pollution in Delhi-NCR.
- The apex court also has asked Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to upgrade its existing infrastructure and set up additional monitoring stations in Delhi-NCR.
About Graded Response System
- The action plan proposes common pollution code for Delhi-NCR to provide graded response to health emergencies caused by noxious air due to pollution.
- The code categorises the severity of the pollutants present in the air into four categories- moderate to poor, very poor, severe, very Severe or emergency depending upon the level of pollutants in air.
- Under it, when particulate matter (PM) 2.5 levels are above 250 to 430 micrograms per cubic metre in the ambient air it will be termed as “severe” levels of pollution.
- After air pollution reaches such alarming proportions, immediate steps will be taken. Including ban on construction activities and implementation of road space rationing schemes.
Centre takes steps to drain excess cash
- The Centre has decided to increase the limit of bonds that can be issued under a market stabilisation scheme to mop up excess liquidity from the banking system arising out of its demonetisation move.
- In this regard, the government has decided to revise the ceiling for issue of securities under the Market Stabilisation Scheme (MSS) to Rs. 6,000 billion(6 lakh crore).
- The move is aimed to facilitate liquidity management operations by the central bank and the liquidity in the banking system was expected to rise further for sometime.
SCIENCE AND TECH
New way to produce nuclear fuel using electricity developed in Russia
- Scientists in Russia have developed a unique, low-cost method for producing high-quality nuclear fuel using electricity.
About the process
- The main type of fuel for nuclear power reactors is the uranium oxide pellet composition produced from a powder by granulation, pressing, and sintering with the subsequent control of the quality and size of the pellets.
- The researchers have proposed an alternative mode of production, which forms the basis of powder metallurgy: electric pulse sintering under pressure.
- The main advantages of the new method are the increase in production rate and the product quality improvement.
- Using the new method, the fuel pellets may be produced even from uranium dioxide powder, which is not suitable for the conventional technology.
- According to the researchers, the proposed method can be adapted in industrial applications thanks to the low cost of one unit of product – up to USD 10.
TeamIndus to launch India’s first private moon mission in 2017
- TeamIndus, a private aerospace starup company is planning to send a spacecraft to the moon aboard an Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) rocket on December 28, 2017.
- It will be launched onboard of ISRO’s workhorse Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
Four New Names Officially Added to the Periodic Table of Elements
- Chemistry’s highest gatekeepers,International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, have accepted the newly proposed names for elements 113, 115, 117 and 118.
- It approved the proposed names for four elements discovered and confirmed over the past decade: Nihonium (Nh), Moscovium (Mc), Tennessine (Ts), and Oganesson (Og) for elements 113, 115, 117, and 118
- Three of the elements were named after locations of scientists’ institutions: Tennessine (Tennessee), Nihonium (Japan) and Moscovium (Moscow). Yuri Oganessian, a nuclear physics professor at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, inspired the fourth, Oganesson.
- With these four elements named, the seventh row of the iconic periodic table is now complete.
International Day of Persons with Disabilities being observed on 03rd December 2016
- International Day of Persons with Disabilities being observed on 03rd December 2016.
- Disability Day is a day that has been promoted by the United Nations since 1992.
- The theme of World Disability Day for 2016 is: Achieving 17 Goals for the Future We Want, which draws attention to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and how these goals can create a more inclusive and equitable world for persons with disabilities.
- The aim of Disability Day is to encourage a better understanding of people affected by a disability, together with helping to make people more aware of the rights, dignity and welfare of disabled people, as well as raise awareness about the benefits of integrating disabled persons into every aspect of life.
UAE-based Indian ,Kehkashan Basu,wins International Children’s Peace Prize
- A 16-year-old Indian girl based in the UAE has won this year’s International Children’s Peace Prizev for her fight for climate justice and combating environmental degradation.
- At the age of 12, Kehkashan founded her organisation Green Hope, which now has operations in over 10 countries.
Dr Karan Singh re-nominated as the Chairperson of the Governing Board of Auroville Foundation.
- Dr Karan Singh, an eminent scholar and Rajya Sabha Member has been re-nominated as the Chairperson of the Governing Board of Auroville Foundation.
- Dr Singh has been re-nominated for a term of four years.
- The Auroville Foundation, headed by a chairman, is an autonomous body under the Ministry of Human Resource Development.
- Auroville (City of Dawn) is an experimental township in Viluppuram district mostly in the state of Tamil Nadu, India with some parts in the Union Territory of Puducherry.
- It is recognized as International living experiment in human unity,endorsed by the UNESCO and supported by the Government of India.
- It is also a centre for applied research in environmentally sustainable living practices, experimenting new system of education, social research and cultural activities.
PLACES IN NEWS
Kolkata, gets best cities award for tackling climate change during the C40 Mayors Summit held in Mexico.
- Kolkata, along with 10 other cities from across the globe, has been honoured with the best cities of 2016 award in recognition of its programme on solid waste
- Other cities which won the award include Copenhagen, Sydney, and Paris.
Hornbill Festival ,the `Festival of Festivals`,begins in Nagaland
- The Hornbill Festival began in the Naga Heritage village of Kisama. The festival coincides with the Statehood Day of Nagaland which is observed on December 1.
- It is tourism promotional extravaganza to revive, protect and preserve the richness and uniqueness of the Naga heritage.
- It is one of the biggest indigenous festivals of the country.
- The festival is a tribute to Hornbill, the most admired and revered bird for the Nagas for its qualities of alertness and grandeur.
- The Hornbill Festival provides a colourful mixture of dances, performances, crafts, parades, games, sports, food fairs and religious ceremonies.
- It was established on 1st December 1963 and was inaugurated by the then President Dr. S Radhakrishnan.
LeBron named Sports Ilustrated’s Sportsperson of the Year
- Basketball player LeBron James has been chosen as the Sports Illustrated’s Sportsperson of the Year, becoming the second athlete ever to win the award twice.
Usain Bolt wins a record sixth ‘Athlete of the Year’ award
- Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt won the International Association of Athletics Federations’ award for male athlete of the year for a record sixth time on Friday.
- Bolt, who is undefeated this season in all distances, completed his ‘triple-triple‘ of 100-metres, 200-metres and 4×100-metres Olympic golds in August.