Daily Current Affairs 3rd March, 2017
Syrian Army recaptures Palmyra
- The Syrian Army has recaptured the ancient city of Palmyra from Islamic State (IS) for the second time in a year, with help from allied forces and Russian war-planes.
- IS is on the back foot in Syria after losing territory in the north to an alliance of U.S.-backed, Kurdish-led militias, and to Turkey-backed Syrian rebels. The Syrian Army is also fighting IS in the area east of Aleppo and in the city of Deir al-Zor, where it controls an enclave that is besieged by the group.
- Palmyra is a UNESCO designated World Heritage site and home to some of the world’s most magnificent ancient ruins. The city is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible and was eventually incorporated into the Roman Empire, before passing to almost all empires to have operated in the region over some 2,000 years.
Sweden to reintroduce conscription after 6 years
- Sweden has announced that it will reintroduce compulsory military service starting this summer to respond to global security challenges, including from Russia.
- The Scandinavian nation, which has not seen armed conflict on its territory in two centuries, ended conscription in 2010 after it was deemed an unsatisfactory way of meeting the needs of a modern army.
- The government wants a more stable staff supply system and to boost its military capability because the security situation has changed.
DRDO Hands Over 3 Developed Products to Indian Army
- Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) handed over three of its products for induction into the Indian Army in a formal function.The products are namely:
- Weapon Locating Radar (WLR), SWATHI
- NBC Recce vehicle
- NBC Drugs
ART AND CULTURE
Endangered Kurukh gets official language status in West Bengal
- West Bengal Government has given official language status to endangered tribal language Kurukh, mother tongue belonging to the Dravidian family.
- In West Bengal, it is spoken by Oraon tribal community who live in Dooars (alluvial floodplains in northeastern India that lie south of outer foothills of Himalayas and north of Brahmaputra River basin). Most of the tribal languages in West Bengal have their origins in the Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Barman families.
- But Kurukh is an exception which has its origin from the Dravidian family is Malto, which is not spoken in West Bengal, but in the Jharkhand’s Rajmahal hills area.
ENVIRONMENT,SCIENCE AND TECH
WCCB’s Operation Thunderbird and Operation Save Kurma for fight against wildlife crime
- Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) has successfully coordinated Operation Thunder Bird from January 30 to February 19, 2017 in its fight to end poaching of India’s wildlife animals.
- It also had convened Operation Save Kurma, a species specific operation on turtles between 15 December 2016 and 30 January 2017.
- Operation Thunderbird: It is code-name of INTERPOL’s (International Criminal Police Organization) multi-national and multi-species enforcement operation for wildlife protection.
- It has resulted in huge seizures of 2, 524 Live species of scheduled animals, 9 wild animal carcasses, 19.2 kg elephant ivory, 1 tiger skin, 1 organ pipe coral, 1 jar snake venom, 8 leopard skins and 1 Indian Mujtac skin.
- The operation brought about a unanimous approach by the state enforcement agencies in the fight against wildlife crime in the country.
- Operation Save Kurma: It was species specific operation on turtles. Under it total of 15,739 live turtles were recovered from 45 suspects, having inter-state linkages. It helped the enforcement agencies to focus on the existing trade routes and major trade hubs in the country, which will be continued in future.
March 3: World Wildlife Day
- The World Wildlife Day is observed on 3rd March every year to celebrate and raise awareness about the world’s wild fauna and flora.
- It is celebrated to mark the signing of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) on this day in 1973.
- It aims to create awareness and encourages people across the globe to protect endangered species.
- It also calls for taking up urgent steps to fight wildlife crime which has wide-ranging environmental, economic and social impacts. 2017 theme: “Listen to the Young Voices”.
- It aims to empower and engage the youth in conservation issues. Engaging and empowering youth is the call of this year.
WHO’s First-Ever List Of The Dirty Dozen Superbugs
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) has published its first ever list of antibiotic-resistant `priority pathogens’ -a catalogue of 12 families of bacteria that pose the greatest threat to human health. This is bad news for India as most of these 12 superbugs are present in the country.
- The list was drawn up to promote research and development of new antibiotics. The move was part of efforts to address the problem of growing global resistance to antimicrobial medicines.
- The WHO list of drug-resistant bacteria is divided into three categories. The most critical group includes multidrug-resistant bacteria that pose a particular threat in hospitals, nursing homes and among patients whose care requires devices such as ventilators and blood catheters.
- These include Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas and various Enterobacteriaceae (including Klebsiella, E coli, Serratia and Proteus). They can cause severe and often deadly infections such as bloodstream infections and pneumonia. These bacteria have become resistant to a large number of antibiotics, including carbapenems and third-generation cephalosporins the best available antibiotics for treating multidrug-resistant bacteria.
MTNL appoints P K Purwar as Chairman and Managing Director for 5 years
- P K Purwar was appointed as the Chairman and Managing Director of state-run telecom major Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL).