Daily Current Affairs 5th April, 2017
North Korea fires missile into sea off east coast
- North Korea has fired a ballistic missile from its east coast into the sea off the Peninsula from Sinpo, a port city and submarine base.
- The missile was launched at a high angle and reached an altitude of 189 km and flew about 60 kilometres.
- Its launch comes ahead of a summit between US and Chinese leaders who are set to discuss North Korea’s arms program.
- Earlier in March 2017, North Korea had fired four missiles towards Japan, some of which came as close as 300 km to the Japanese coast.
CAG to audit UN Secretariat in New York
- The Comptroller and Auditor General of India will audit the UN Secretariat in New York, a job which till now was the exclusive domain of developed countries.
- The CAG is the external auditor of several UN organisations and India’s Shashi Kant Sharma is the Chairman of the UN Board of Auditors.
UN Board of Auditors:
- The General Assembly established the United Nations Board of Auditors (Board) in 1946 as an important mechanism to promote accountability and transparency in the United Nations.
- The members of the Board have collective responsibility for the audits.
- Currently the heads of the SAIs of India, Tanzania and Germany are the members of the Board.
- The Auditors-Generals of UN member states are elected to the Board.
- The Board performs external audit of the accounts of the United Nations organization and its funds and programmes and reports its findings and recommendations to the Assembly through the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions.
- The Board provides independent assurance to Member States and other stakeholders regarding proper use of the resources of the United Nations and its funds and programmes.
- It reports on financial matters as well as on regularity and performance issues.
- It plays a significant role in assisting the United Nations to improve its operations and its internal control systems.
- The findings and recommendations of the Board have led to continuous systematic improvements in the functioning of the United Nations.
Germany becomes first NATO member to launch cyber command unit
- Germany became the first North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member country to launch a self-contained cyber command unit dubbed as Cyber and Information Space Command (Kdo CIR).
- It has been designed to shield IT and weapons systems from growing attacks. The Kdo CIR will be the youngest branch of Germany’s military “Bundeswehr”.
- It will operate and protect German military’s own IT infrastructure and computer-assisted weapons systems, and tackle online threats. It will also focus on war-game offensive skills and capabilities.
ICICI, Axis Bank sell Rs 1800 crore Ballarpur loans to Edelweiss
- ICICI Bank and Axis Bank sold Rs.1,800 crore of loans to paper maker Ballarpur Industries Ltd to Edelweiss Asset Reconstruction Company.
- It is the first time that loans have been sold to an asset reconstruction firm. Axis Bank sold loans of Rs.1,200 crore and ICICI Bank sold loans of Rs.600 crore.
Haryana to provide one-time grant of Rs. 21,000 to families for third girl child
- Haryana Government has decided to provide one-time grant of Rs 21,000 to all those families whose third girl child was born on or after August 24, 2015 under the ‘Aapki Beti, Hamari Beti’ scheme.
- Under the scheme, the eligible families will receive the amount irrespective of their caste, creed, religion, income and number of sons. Its purpose is to combat the problem of declining child sex ratio and promote girls’ education in the state.
National conference on Communicating India to be organized
- A day-long national conference on Communicating India will be organized in New Delhi which will be inaugurated by Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Rathore.
- Telling the India’s story to the world, Communicating via Journalism and Dialogue with Diaspora are three main themes which are outlined for the conference.
Berhampur Thakurani Yatra fetival begins in Odisha
- The famous Berhampur Thakurani Yatra, one of the biggest festivals of southern Odisha, has been celebrated with pomp and gaiety.
- Nearly a month-long festival celebrates the journey of the deity Maa Budhi Thakurani.
ENVIRONMENT,SCIENCE AND TECH
Tree-dwelling crab species Kani maranjadu found in Kerala
- Scientists from the University of Kerala have discovered a new species of long-legged, tree-dwelling crabs named Kani maranjandu in Western Ghats of Kerala. It has been named after the Kani tribe in Kerala and are substantially different from other congeners (organisms within the same genus).
- Kani maranjandu is the first crab species of its kind to offer a record of an arboreal crab (species that lives in trees).
- Its upper shell is hard, its male abdominal structure and reproductive parts and diagnostic elongated walking legs (no other genus has).
Japan officially recognises Bitcoin as currency
- Japan has officially recognized bitcoin and digital currencies as legal money along the lines of other fiat currencies with effect from April 1, 2017.
- The recognition comes after implementation of a new law amending Banking Act in Japan for legalizing these currencies.
- It will help in integration of digital currency into legal banking system through regulatory scrutiny.
RBI Board clears proposal to introduce Rs 200 notes
- The board of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has cleared a proposal to introduce banknotes of Rs 200 denomination.
- The decision was taken at the RBI board meeting held in Mumbai in March 2017.
- The process of printing the new Rs 200 notes is likely to begin after June 2017 once the government officially approves the new denomination.
April 4: International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action
- The International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action is observed every year on April 4 to highlight the deadly threat that mines pose to civilians’ lives and nations’ development.
- The theme of this year was “Needs driven. People Centred”.
- The day was constituted by United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution in December 2005.
AWARDS AND HONOURS
Doctors artwork finds place in Guinness Book:
- A fingerprint painting, created by a group of Indian doctors as a symbolic representation to end frequent attacks against the fraternity, has found place in the Guinness Book of World Records as the world’s largest such artwork.
- Titled “Ray of Hope“, measuring 469.75 m, the painting was made up of 15 lakh finger impressions of doctors from different parts of the country, collected over a period of four months.
- The record title is in the name of Dr Naveen Koval, an assistant professor of Pediatrics at Kannur Medical College, Kerala, who conceptualised the work and Indian medical association.
PERSONS IN NEWS
K Prithika Yashini becomes India’s first-ever transgender police official
- K Prithika Yashini became India’s first-ever transgender person to become a police official, after she took charge as sub-inspector in Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu.
- Her appointment was made as per the Madras High Court order delivered in November 2015. The court had directed Tamil Nadu Uniformed Services Recruitment Board (TNUSRB) to appoint K Prithika Yashini as a sub-inspector of police as she is entitled to get the job.
PLACES IN NEWS
Jhargram becomes 22nd Bengal district
- Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee declared Jhargram as the 22nd district of West Bengal.
- Jhargram has been formed by bifurcating West Midnapore, which has a population of more than 11.37 lakh. Mamta Banerjee announced a budget of Rs 200 crore for the development of Jhargram.
India ranks 3rd in WADA doping charts
- India was ranked third for the third year in a row in a doping violation report published by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) for 2015.
- In 2015, 117 Indian athletes were punished after testing positive for banned substances. India followed the Russian Federation (176) and Italy (129), the same position as in the reports of 2013 and 2014.