Daily Current Affairs 7th July, 2017
Jammu & Kashmir Assembly passes resolution to implement GST in the state
- Jammu and Kashmir Assembly adopted a resolution to implement the goods and services tax (GST), bringing the state’s indirect taxation into the new unified tax regime that the rest of the country adopted on 1 July at a landmark ceremony in Parliament.
- With this Jammu and Kashmir has become the last state to pass the GST bill in the state.
India declares itself free from Bird Flu
- India has declared itself free from Bird Flu (highly pathogenic Avian Influenza – H5N1 and H5N8) and notified it to the World Organisation for Animal Health.
- The move will help it resume export of poultry products to the countries which had banned trade in such items early this year.
India’s New, Tough Anti-Hijacking Law Comes Into Force
- India’s new law that ramps up punishment for hijacking and prescribes death penalty for hijackers who cause loss of life in an aircraft or on ground has come into force. Parliament cleared the law in 2016 but it hadn’t come into force so far because the government hadn’t framed the rules.
- The new Anti-Hijacking Act replaces a 1982-vintage law that parliament was felt was far too weak and narrow.
- The new law has expanded the definition of a hijacking and covers offences against an aircraft or personnel even when it is on ground. Any attack on an aircraft when it is being prepared for a flight to 24 hours after it has landed will be considered under laws that deal with hijack. This is to include the possibility of a silent attack with biological weapons, the impact of which could be felt even a day later.
- Following the amendments, the perpetrators of hijacking would now be punishable with death penalty where such an act results in the death of “any person”. Besides broadening the definition of hijacking, it also provides for an enhanced punishment to the perpetrators.
- It also includes several acts within the definition of hijacking including making a threat, attempts or abetment to commit the offence. Those organises or directs others to commit such offence will also be considered to have committed the offence of hijacking.
- The new law mandates the central government to confer powers of investigation, arrest and prosecution on any officer of the central government or National Investigation Agency (NIA).
No-detention policy to go from 2018
- The government has decided to do away with the no-detention policy for students from the next academic session.
- The decision was taken following representation from most of the States as they said the standard of education had deteriorated because of the policy.
India ranked 23rd in second Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI)
- India has been ranked 23rd out of 165 nations in the second Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) that measures the commitment of nations across the world to cyber security. The Index has been released by the UN telecommunications agency International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
- India has been listed in the “maturing category” of the index with a score of 0.683. Around 77 countries have been placed in the maturing category as they have developed complex commitments to cyber security and engage in cybersecurity programmes and initiatives.
- Singapore has topped the index with a score of 0.925. Singapore is followed by United States (2nd), Malaysia (3rd), Oman (4th), Estonia (5th), Mauritius (6th), Australia (7th), Georgia (8th), France (9th), Canada (10th) and Russia (11th). China has been placed at 34th.
ECONOMY,BANKING AND FINANCE
AIIB approves USD 329 mn loan to build roads in Gujarat
- China-based Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) announced its approval to a $329 million loan to build access roads across 4,000 villages in Gujarat.
- The funds have been approved to construct road linkages for last-mile connectivity to schools and tribal areas in 33 districts of the state
India slips to be 4th largest investor into UK
- India has slipped by one spot to become the fourth-largest foreign investor into the UK. India shares the fourth spot with Australia and New Zealand, which also set up 127 projects collectively. The US remains on the top, investing in 577 projects in the UK, with China (including Hong Kong) remaining in second place with 160 projects.
RBI limits Customer liability in Online Banking
- RBI has issued directions on ‘Customer Protection – Limiting Liability of Customers in unauthorised Electronic Banking Transactions’.
- RBI has issued the revised directions amidst a recent increase in customer grievances related to unauthorised transactions.
Indus OS partners with YES Bank to launch OS-integrated UPI platform
- Indus OS has partnered with YES Bank to launch OS-integrated UPI (Unified Payment Interface) payment platform in India.
- Users with Indus OS will be able to use this UPI payment platform on SMS, dialer interface, and on third party apps like WhatsApp. This means P2P transactions, as well as utility payments, can be made via SMS or messaging. The platform is expected to launch in this quarter.
Jigyasa, a student- scientist connect programme has officially been launched in Delhi.
- Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), has joined hands with Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) to implement this programme. The focus is on connecting school students and scientists so as to extend student’s classroom learning with that of a very well planned research laboratory based learning.
- The “JIGYASA” would inculcate the culture of inquisitiveness on one hand and scientific temper on the other, amongst the school students and their teachers.
- The Programme is expected to connect 1151 Kendriya Vidyalayas with 38 National Laboratories of CSIR targeting 100,000 students and nearly 1000 teachers annually.
- The program will also enable the students and teachers to practically live the theoretical concepts taught in science by visiting CSIR laboratories and by participating in mini-science projects.
The model of engagement includes:
- Student Residential Programmes.
- Scientists as Teachers and Teachers as Scientists.
- Lab specific activities / Onsite Experiments.
- Visits of Scientists to Schools/Outreach Programmes.
- Science and Maths Clubs.
- Popular Lecture Series/ demonstration programme at Schools.
- Student Apprenticeship Programmes.
- Science Exhibitions.
- Projects of National Children’s Science Congress.
- Teacher Workshops.
- Tinkering Laboratories.
Garib Nawaz Skill Development Centres
- The government is planning to establish Garib Nawaz Skill Development Centres in 100 districts of the country.
- These centres will effectively ensure employment oriented skill development of youth belonging to Minority communities.
- In next six months, Garib Nawaz Skill Development Centres, providing job oriented skill training in various fields, will be established in Hyderabad, Noida, Lucknow, Jaipur, Nagpur, Aurangabad, Bhopal, Indore etc.
Sanjiv Goenka named as IIT-Kharagpur chairman
- RP Sanjiv Goenka Group Chairman, Sanjiv Goenka, has been named as the Chairman of the Board of Governors at IIT-Kharagpur.
- He will serve as the Chairman for three years.
Pankaj Advani-led Indian team beat Pakistan to clinch Asian Snooker Championship
- India’s leading cueist Pankaj Advani teamed up with Laxman Rawat to demolish Pakistan in the final of the Asian Team Snooker Championship in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. Advani pieced together a brilliant break of 83 to seal the first tie of the best-of-five final.
Manpreet Kaur, Govindan Laxmanan win gold in Asian Athletics Championships
- India’s Manpreet Kaur claimed the gold medal in the women’s shot put on the opening day of the Asian Athletics Championships 2017 at the Kalinga Stadium, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
- Govindan Laxmanan emerged triumphant in the men’s 5,000 meters and has also won Gold Medal