Daily Current Affairs 9th September, 2016

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS – 9th September, 2016

  1. Results of recent Swachh surveys done in Rural areas by Quality Council of India(QCI) :
  • Sindhudurg District of Maharashtra – cleanest among 53 well performing districts in plains
  • Mandi District of Himachal Pradesh – cleanest among 22 well performing districts of Hills
  • Parameters of Survey
  • Households having access to safe toilets & their usage
  • Households having no litter around
  • Average score of cleanliness around public places
  • Households having no wastewater around
  • About QCI
  • Set up in 1997
  • Jointy by Govt.of India and the Indian industry represented by –
  • Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India(ASSOCHAM)
  • Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
  • Federation of Indian chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)
  1. Reduction in Infant Mortality Rate awards given by Union Health and Family welfare Ministry :
  • Among Small states – Nagaland & Tripura
  • IMR of Nagaland – 17 per 1000 live births
  • IMR of Tripura – 21 per 1000 live births
  • Among large states – Haryana & West Bengal
  • IMR of Nation – 40 deaths per 1000 live births
  • INFANT MORTALITY RATE – No of deaths between the age group of 0-1 year per 1000 live births
  1. Risk of Spread of ZIKA VIRUS in Kerala :
  • Vector borne Zika Virus, first identified in Uganda in 1947
  • There is no vaccination or medicine for ZIKA
  • CAUSE – Large no of travellers from Singapore & Latin America at international airports in Kerala
  • High Mosquito Density
  • EFFECTS – Risk for Pregnant women since it is linked to children being born with abnormally small head and brain development
  • Along with it, Dengue virus strains (IV DENV3) found in South Kerala which are closely related to those found in Singapore
  1. Clean Yamuna Project : Collaboration with Netherlands :
  • Budget – 21 Crore
  • Setting up plant along the drain that will produce biogas & generate water that can be used for agriculture
  • To bring the levels of Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD) from 70mg per litre(existing) to 5mg per litre
  • Setting up a network of Sewage Treatment Plants
  • Participating Institutes of India –
  • Indian institute Of Technology, Delhi (IIT)
  • The Energy and Resources Institute
  • Participating Institutes of Netherlands –
  • Delft University of Technology
  • Wageningten University
  • The Vrije Universeit of Netherlands
  1. President gave Assent to Goods & Service Tax(GST) :
  • Constitution Amendment Bill
  • GST – It is a single Indirect tax that will subsume most Central and State taxes
  • Will be effective from 04.2017
  1. Rio Paralympics Opens :
  • Opening of 15th Summer Paralympic games at Maracana Stadium, RioBrazil
  • In the presence of New Brazil President – Michel Temer
  • About Paralympics –
  • Major international multi –sport event
  • Held after every 4years in Summers as well as winters but not in the same year
  • For athletes with disabilities
  • governed by International Paralympic Committee
  • from 07.09.2016 – 18.09.2016
  • 16th Summer paralympic games to be held in Tokyo, Japan in 2020
  1. Stuart Blackburn won M.M.Bennetts Award in U.K for historical fiction 2016 :
  • Award presented at the HNS Conference in Oxford
  • For novel “Into the hidden valley”
  • Based on the story of Apatani tribe of Arunachal Pradesh during the colonial period of British India
  • Published by “Speaking Tiger”
  1. NASA’s OSIRIS – REx spacecraft boost into orbit on 08.09.2016 (09.09.2016 in India) :
  • Set to Bennu, an Asteroid
  • Launched from Space Launch complex 41 at Cape Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida (US)
  • Will reach there in 2018
  • Will b brought back to Earth in 2023 after 7 years
  • Objective –
  • to get clues about Bennu”s Origin
  • it will help to improve understanding of asteroids that could impact Earth
  1. Launch of INSAT-3DR at Sriharikota on 08.09.2016 by ISRO :
  • Orbit – Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO)
  • Launch cost – 400Crore
  • About ISRO –
  • Indian Space Research Organisation
  • Established on 15 August 1969
  • Headquarters at Bangalore, Karnataka
  • Chairman – A S Kiran Kumar
  • Vision – Harness Space technology for national development
  • Managed by the Dept of Space which reports ti Prime Minister of India
  • A barrier island
  • Off the Bay of Bengal coast
  • Located in Andhra Pradesh , India
  • About GSLV Rockets –
  • GSLV MK-II – GSLV Rockets using the indigenous Cryogenic upper stage engines are called GSLV MK-II
  • Cryogenic Engines – Rocket Engines fuelled by liquid oxygen and hydrogen
  • Significant points of Mission –
  • Multispectral imager – will generate images of the Earth every 26 minutes from a geostationary altitude of 36000 km.
  • Provides information about sea surface, temperature, snow cover,cloud motion winds
  • 19 channel sounder– which will provide information on the vertical profiles of temperature, humidity and integrated ozone
  • Data Relay Transponder – will provide service continuity to ISRO’s previous meteorological missions
  • Areas covered – Large part of Indian Ocean, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal,Seychelles, Srilanka, Tanzania
  • Upcoming Events of ISRO
  • Chandrayaan -2

Joint mission With NASA

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